Everglades National Park: Biomes BY: John, Andrea, Ethan

Tertiary Consumers

Eats secondary consumers, primary consumers, and producers

Anhinga

Food: They primarily eat fish, but will also eat aquatic insects, crayfish, leeches, shrimp, tadpoles, frog eggs, and even young alligators and water snakes.

Habitat: Cypress swamps, rivers, wooded ponds. Mostly on quiet and sheltered waters, such as freshwater marshes, slow-moving rivers through cypress swamps, inlets and lagoons lined with mangroves, lakes with standing dead trees.

American Alligator

Food: Most alligators will eat a wide variety of animals, including invertebrates, fish, birds, turtles, snakes, amphibians, and mammals. Hatch lings mostly feed on invertebrates such as insects, insect larvae, snails, spiders, and worms. As they grow, alligators gradually expand to larger prey.

Habitat: The American alligator is found in the United States from North Carolina to the Rio Grande in Texas. Alligators are usually found in freshwater, slow-moving rivers. They also live in swamps, marshes and lakes.

Florida Panther

Food: Florida panthers primarily eat white-tailed deer, but they will also hunt feral hog, rabbit, raccoon, armadillo, birds and other animals.

Habitat: Lives in forests and swamps of southern Florida in the United States.

Secondary Consumers

Eats primary consumers and producers

American Mink

Food: Mink eat a wide range of mammals, birds and fish, typically about a third of the diet coming from each; in some areas they also eat invertebrates, such as crabs and crayfish.

Habitat: The American Mink is a semiaquatic species of mustelid native to North America, though human intervention has expanded its range to many parts of Europe and South America.

Roseate Spoonbill

Food: It sweeps its open bill from side to side in the water to sift up food like small fish, shrimp, mollusks, snails and insects. It has touch receptors in its bill that help it feel its prey. Like the flamingo, the roseate spoonbill's pink color comes from the food it eats.

Habitat: Shallow wetlands and mangrove swamps.

Green Anole

Food: Small cockroaches or flies anoles may also eat waxworms, fruit flies, small worms, canned crickets, small spiders, or earthworms. Avoid feeding anoles with mealworms.

Habitat: There are more than 300 species of anoles throughout the world, over half of which are found in North, Central, and South America. The Green Anole is the only anole native to the United States.

Snail kite

Food: Its diet consists almost exclusively of apple snails. Snail kites have been observed eating other prey items in Florida, including crayfish in the genus Procambarus and black crappie.

Habitat: A freshwater mollusk that occurs in Central and South Florida wetlands including the Everglades.

Racoon

Food: Raccoons will eat almost anything, but are particularly fond of creatures found in water—clams, crayfish, frogs, fish, and snails. Raccoons also eat insects, slugs, dead animals, birds and bird eggs, as well as fruits, vegetables, nuts, and seeds. Around humans, raccoons often eat garbage and pet food.

Habitat: There, they make their dens in the hollow parts of trees as well as abandoned burrows, traveling up to 18 miles to forage for food. Raccoons are extremely adaptable. They are often found in suburban and urban areas, making their homes in man-made structures like attics, sewers, barns and sheds.

Primary Consumers

Eats Producer

Round-Tailed Muskrat

Food: They are vegetarian. The diet consists mainly of aquatic grasses as well as roots, stems, and seeds.

Habitat: They live slightly above water level in their wetland habitats. Their shelter consists of lodges, located on a layer of dense vegetation, that have been woven out of plant material, and they feed on feeding platforms located above water level.

Florida Apple Snail

Food: Vegetables like cucumber, spinach, carrots and lettuce, fish food, dead fishes, other snails and their eggs, algae, brine shrimps, they eat it all.

Habitat: Apple snails inhabit a wide range of ecosystems from swamps, ditches and ponds to lakes and rivers. Not every species has similar preferences. However, most apple snails prefer lentic waters above turbulent water. Balneario Teuchitlan, Mexico. In this 100 to 150 m long channel, connected with the Rio Teuchtilan, lives the apple snail.

Producer

Makes their own food

Duckweed

Food: They Produce their own food.

Habitat: Wetlands and ponds are the most common sites to find duckweeds, but other quiet bodies of water may harbor them. Duckweeds may also be found on the fringes of larger lakes and in quiet backwaters and sloughs cut off from mighty rivers. Since duckweeds may be brought in by migratory birds, there is no necessity that a site communicate with another body of water having duckweeds.

Saw grass

Food: Produces own food

Habitat: Saw grass marshes are the dominant vegetation community, which comprise approximately 65 to 70 percent of the total vegetation coverage of the Everglades. It also occurs throughout the southeastern U.S. growing in fresh and brackish water wetlands where it provides food and shelter to wading birds and other animals. It can be found throughout Florida and its range extends north to Virginia and west to Southern Texas.

Gumbo-Limbo

Food: Produces own food

Habitat: Bursera simaruba, commonly known as gumbo-limbo, copperwood, chaca, and turpentine tree, is a tree species in the family Burseraceae, native to tropical regions of the Americas from the southeasternmost United States (southern Florida) south through Mexico and the Caribbean to Brazil, Jinotega and Venezuela.

Decomposers

They eat everything

Bacteria

Food: Eats everything

Habitat: Bacteria can be found virtually everywhere. They are in the air, the soil, and water, and in and on plants and animals, including us.

Cyanobacteria

Food: Eats everything.

Habitat: Cyanobacteria can be found in almost every terrestrial and aquatic habitat—oceans, fresh water, damp soil, temporarily moistened rocks in deserts, bare rock and soil, and even Antarctic rocks. They can occur as planktonic cells or form phototrophic biofilms.

Created By
John Toronto
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