POLITICS- India has a bicameral parliamentary form of government. Like the United States, India also has a constitution that they are governed by. Unlike the United States, the president of India is elected by elected members of federal and state parliaments. Presidents in India have 5 year terms and can be re-elected as many times as the parliaments allow, there are no term limits. Along with having a President, India also has a Prime Minister. There is a divide in power between the two; the prime minister acts as the president's chief advisor. India's parliament acts as the United State's congress does, a balance of power. Though this system was put into place, India like many countries, struggles with dirty politicians.
Economy- India exports many good from retail and textile companies around the world which brings a a large amount of money in the country, but the agricultural industry also plays a large part in the Indian economy. The Indian government exclaimed in 2012, that only an estimated 22% of their population lives below the Indian establish poverty line, but that is relative in relationship to the rest of the world. India has a large population so 22% of the population is a little more that 270 million people that are impoverished.
- http://www.cnn.com/2015/08/02/asia/india-poor-census-secc/,CNN,India Census Shows Extent of Poverty
Religion- Religion in India permeates every part of life for most citizens and can be witnessed in countless festivals/ceremonies across the country. If one were to take a stroll through a typical Indian community they are sure to encounter countless shrines and statues of deities. India is the birthplace of several religions like Hinduism, as well as Buddhism and Jainism. Though Buddhism and Jainism originated from India only about 1.2% of the population is buddhist/jain. A small percentage of Indian's practice Islam (about 12%) and an even smaller percentage of the population ( an estimated 2.5% ) practice Christianity. The majority of India (about 80%) practices Hinduism. Hinduism is a religion centered around reincarnation and karma. Reincarnation is the belief that when one dies physically they are reborn again and again, a continuous cycle of life and death. Karma in Hinduism is the belief that the way that one chooses to live in their current life determines the quality of life they will reincarnate into in the next cycle. The ultimate goal of Hinduism is to ascend and break this cycle and become one with the deities.
Social Structure- India has a very interesting social structure. For centuries the Caste System was used to determine how members of society were classified and how they were treated. The Caste system is a pyramid type system created by the Hindu faith in which their are five groups in which citizens could be classified, with the "untouchables" (people below the poverty line) at the bottom of the pyramid, followed by farmers/laborers, merchants/traders, rulers/ warriors, and the "Brahman" (scholars and priests) being at the top. Hindu's believe that the group in which one is born into, is determined by Karma. Those who lived poorly in their previous live's incarnate as the "untouchable" who are the outcasts of society, and disregarded. and those who lived well are allowed to move up the social pyramid in their next lifetime. Whatever group one is born into, they are stuck in for life. Untouchable's are the primary victims of disease because they live in close quarters known as shanti towns, often with no plumbing or running water. However the Indian government has been working to dismantle this system in order to provide equal resources to the citizens but nevertheless the system still exists and 22% of the population lives below the poverty line.
Industry- The two largest industries in India are the retail industry ( because they are a large source of cheap labor across the world) as well as Agriculture, being the second largest producer of farm produce. In the last decade India has also seen a growth in the software industry, as well as the medical industry.
Arts and Entertainment- India's influence on the entertainment is worldwide. According to WordIQ.com , India is the largest producer of films in the world. There are many film Festivals that take place in India year round. India (specifically Bollywood) is a highly sought after destination for many filmmakers around the world.