Germany By: Katelin Koehn

Germanys capital Berlin, dates to the 13th century. Reminders of the city's turbulent 20th-century history include its Holocaust memorial and the Berlin Wall's graffitied remains. Divided during the Cold War, its 18th-century Brandenburg Gate has become a symbol of reunification. The city's also known for its art scene and modern landmarks like the gold-colored, swoop-roofed Berliner Philharmonie, built in 1963.

The longest river in Germany is the Rhine, which flows for 537 miles within the country. Although the majority of academic sources and reference materials list the total length of the Rhine is about 820 miles long,it only extends for around 765 miles from its two sources to the river's delta, according to a biologist at the University of Cologne who discovered the error in 2010.

The Zugspitze is 9,718 ft above sea level, is the highest peak of the Wetterstein Mountains as well as the highest mountain in Germany. It lies south of the town of Garmisch-Partenkirchen, and the border between Germany and Austria runs over its western summit. South of the mountain is the Zugspitzplatt, a high karst plateau with numerous caves. On the flanks of the Zugspitze are three glaciers, including the two largest in Germany: the Northern Schneeferner with an area of 30.7 hectares and the Höllentalferner with an area of 24.7 hectares. The third is the Southern Schneeferner which covers 8.4 hectares.

The Adelegg is a forested, mountain range, up to 1,129 m above sea level and 112 km² in area, which is part of the northern foothills of the Alps, within the Westallgäu in the south German districts of Ravensburg and Oberallgäu. The Ahlsburg is a range of bunter sandstone hills, relatively small in area and up to 411.4 m above sea level in the southern part of Lower Saxony, Germany. The Northern Limestone Alps, also called the Northern Calcareous Alps, are the ranges of the Eastern Alps north of the Central Eastern Alps located in Austria and the adjacent Bavarian lands of southeastern Germany.

Germany faces the North Sea to the northwest and Baltic Sea to the northeast. A narrow strip of land on which Germany borders Denmark separates two seas, both of which are added on to the Atlantic Ocean.

Germany Population is 80,654,027.

Lake Constance is a 63km-long central European lake that borders Germany, Austria and Switzerland. Fed by the Rhine River, it’s composed of 2 connected parts, the Untersee and the larger Obersee. Ringed by resort towns, it's a summer destination for sailing, windsurfing and swimming. The Bodensee-Radweg cycle path encircles the entire lake in about 260km.

Most of them are in the mountainous Siebengebirge and Eifel areas, both of which are in the mid-west of Germany. One particular part of the Eifel is even named after volcanoes it's called the Vulkaneifel after volcanic Eife! Germany's volcanoes may look harmless but experts think that they could erupt one day.

The geographic coordinates are 51.1657° N, 10.4515° E.

Germany is in Western and Central Europe, with Denmark bordering to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria to the southeast, Switzerland to the south-southwest, France, Luxembourg and Belgium lie to the west, and the Netherlands to the northwest.

Germany's climate is moderate and has generally no longer periods of cold or hot weather. Northwestern and coastal Germany have a kind of influenced climate which is characterized by warm summers and mild cloudy winters. In Germany there are Floods at the seaside, the last devastating one was in Hamburg 1962. Floods caused by melting snow/ice in the spring, and rains in the summer. Often strong winds and hailstorms affect parts of Germany, like just right now in the northern Rhine area. There are usually no Tornados or even Hurricanes/Typhoons, though. There is occasionally a hurricane though but not very often.

In 2014, Germany recorded the highest trade surplus in the world worth $285 billion, making it the biggest capital exporter globally. Germany is the third largest exporter in the world with $1.28 trillion in goods and services exported in 2014. The service sector contributes around 70% of the total GDP, industry 29.1%, and agriculture 0.9%. Exports account for 41% of national output. The top 10 exports of Germany are vehicles, machineries, chemical goods, electronic products, electrical equipments, pharmaceuticals, transport equipments, basic metals, food products, and rubber and plastics.

According to the latest WHO data published in 2015 life expectancy in Germany is Male 78.7, female 83.4 and total life expectancy is 81.0 which gives Germany a World Life Expectancy ranking of 24.

Credits:

Created with images by Cam4Heroes - "berlin bundestag reichstag" • Cam4Heroes - "berlin bundestag reichstag" • hpgruesen - "weil am rhein three countries bridge basel" • xuuxuu - "sunset yellow sun"

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