Muno Ogelohwohor

Group members: Melisa Dindoruk and Patrick Hsu

7 Mar 2017 - 10 Mar 2017


7 MAR 2017: Introduction to the TOK essay

Today, we wrote a paragraph about our previous way of knowing; it directly answers the essential question:

“To what extent is imagination drawn from other ways of knowing?”

This is what I wrote about it:

Imagination can be drawn from various other ways of knowing. One of which is memory. Memory and imagination are used hand in hand but at the same time there are limits to the point at which they can influence each other. For example, if I imagine myself in a park, i may not be present in the park to be able to feel and connect with it but I can connect with how a park is. I definitely have a memory of being in a park and I know how it felt. Imagination can repeated memory. Sometimes, people imagine moments and situations to feel different things. I can imagine myself traveling for a holiday and having the time of my life. This is because I choose to re-live this memory in my head. I want to be happy. I want to be able to feel how I felt again. However, imagination is not completely dependent upon memory. Imagination gives birth to new ideas and inventions. Scientists use imagination to be able to create new theories, formulas and technologies. Before the invention of the telephone, no one ever knew that there would be such a device used for communication. Alexander Bell imagined this device and set out how he would make his imagination come to reality. He had no prior memory of how a telephone looked like. Imagination helps us create new things. Another way of knowing that imagination can be drawn from is sense perception. For example, if i imagine myself being in Starbucks, I may quickly assume the smell of the place because I my senses connect my memory of Starbucks with the smell of coffee. In all, all the ways of knowing have some effect on each other and they can be drawn from one another.

It is not perfect. However, I have been able to write a paragraph using my writing creativity. I just need to wrote it with a more "TOK-like structure." This was another important discussion we had in class today. We analyzed a paragraph from another student's TOK essay and were taught how to create a detailed and well-written paragraph. The basic structure is stated below:

1. Topic sentence (1 sentence): Raises a knowledge claim (can be from a question, knowledge question: how do senses foster (support or hold).

2. Example oevidence (like 4 sentences): real life example, for example: astronomy, which is part of the area of knowledge- natural sciences.

3. Analysis: (3-4 sentences) This is the most important!! State what you think and what you feel about it. Connect the knowledge question or claim with the evidence

After learning this, I rewrote my previous paragraph:

Despite the originality of imagination, it can be influenced by memory. If a knower is asked to draw that he/she thinks when hearing the word “world,” there may be several representations of this. Art is a way of representing personal knowledge; people express themselves differently. Based on the types of imagination: creativity, fantasy and realistic imagination, one of the representations may fall into this category. Realistic imagination is most accurately tied with memory. This is because this imagination is guided by relevant facts. Facts are prior knowledge, which are drawn from memory. The knower is the only person who can predict his /her representation of things. Everyone sees the wold differently and usually, is influenced by experience. Experience is directly related to memory. This is personal knowledge. There is a stream of connection from imagining what the word “world”, and your personal representation of the world, to memory.

9 MAR 2017: Quiz and paragraph.

Today, we took the quiz on WOK 4. I got an 8/10. I only missed one question, which was:

*from canvas*

The right answer is negativity bias; this is the bias that leads us to focus more on the negative things than the positive things.

After taking the quiz, we discussed about our elective reading and started writing our paragraph.


This app knows how you feel- from the look on your face

by Rana el Kaliouby

The elective reading for my group was the TED talk video by Rana El Kaliouby, who created the app called "affective," which is designed to detect the facial expression from what it has been programed to remember. The characteristics detected by the app are raised eyebrows, furrowed brows, frown, disgust, joy, smile, valence and engagement. These facial espressions are programed based on multiple faces recorded on the computer. These generalized characteristics that emotions share constitute to the reasons why emotions are universal. But, then one can question the validity of computers being able to read our emotions: 'is it trustworthy?' and 'to what extent can we rely on computers to detect the accurate emotion expressed?' However, texting does include emojis, a way of expressing facial expressions that are recognizable by most people, making emotions universal.

This elective reading was used the evidence for our WOK 4 project: the paragraph.


empathy: Empathy is our ability to understand and connect to another person's emotional state.

sympathy: is a feeling of pity or sense of compassion — it's when you feel bad for someone else who's going through something hard.

pity: a feeling of sympathy and sorrow for the misfortunes of others. If you feel pity, you feel sympathy for someone else's suffering. A documentary on prisoners who have been wrongfully convicted might make you feel pity for them.

apathy: advocated by Stoic philosopher, means "without passion" It is a state of mind where a preson makes decisions without consideration of emotions.

rationalization: the cognitive process of making something seem consistent with or based on reason. organizing something into a logically coherent system. Factory organization is often rationalized to make it as efficient as possible.

emotional contagion: the tendency for emotions such as anger or fear to spread quickly a group of people.

the 6 primary emotions:emotions considered to be universal and biologically based- (happiness, sadness, fear, anger, disgust, surprise.)


Trust your feelings?... Maybe Not

by Leon F Seltzer

This is a really good article that talks about whether we should trust our emotions or not. It makes us understand emotions from a different perspective. Emotions can exaggerate and overcomplicate our thoughts, leading to situations where one "overthinks." Whenever our emotions start acting on it sown, we need to learn how to control ourselves and to let them make us make decisions, or say things, that we may end up regretting.


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