Spartan Children: At an early age of 7, training started for Spartan children to prepare them for entering the military. They were put into the barracks and endured a brutal life. They had strict diets, exercised profusely, and had ridged discipline. Children were encouraged to steal food but if they had been caught they had been beaten badly.
Spartan Women: Women also had difficult upbringings. They were expected to produce healthy babies and because of this they had to exercise and strengthen their bodies. Another expectation of women was obeying their husbands and fathers. Some of these women had rights to property which they had to manage.
If the family could afford it, Athenian boys would attend school. Some of their school work consisted of learning how to read and write, as well as music and poetry. Because their form of government is democracy, they would have to be taught how to voice their opinion meaning they were skilled in public speaking. The girls of Athens on the other hand, were not given any form of formal training.