these mining projects resulted in the contamination of the rivers of the Cuenca and of the protected forest in Molleturo-Mollepungo. Environmental degradation, in turn, affected the communities’ rights to food, work, and health. This harm motivated a number of wide-scale public mobilizations. At the frontline of the protests were women who defended their rights, and those of their communities.
Acknowledging their shared concerns, these women defenders, representing different communities, decided to work together for the promotion and protection of the environment and the rights of women. IN response, they formed an organization, ‘Frente de Mujeres Defensoras de la Pachamama’ (the front) on February 2008.
1. UN Geneva; UNTV mission in Ecuador; January 7, 2010; (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0). 2. Wikipedia. 3. United Nations Photo; Human settlements - places where people live and work; January 1, 1976; (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0). 4. Mary Hess; Ecuador; February 2, 2003; (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0). 5. Craig Bellamy; Ecuador; June 20, 2015; (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0). 6. Craig Bellamy, Ecuador; June 23, 2015; (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0). 7. Craig Bellamy; Ecuador; June 22, 2015; (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0).