What Is Type 1 Diabetes?
Type 1 Diabetes occurs when your immune system destroys cells in your Pancreas ( a long, flat gland in your belly) called beta cells. Beta cells are the things that make insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is produced by the Pancreas that allows your body to use sugar (Glucose). Insulin also helps to keep your blood sugar levels from getting too high or too low. And when your body isn't allowed to get glucose from the insulin triggering it, your cells don't have any energy to use .
How Did You Get Diabetes?
Most people who have Type one diabetes are born with it. No one knows for sure what causes Type 1 Diabetes, but scientists think it has something to do with genes. Genes are like instructions for how the body should look and work that are passes on by parents to their kids.
What Does This Mean For My Diet?
Carbohydrates are your body's main source of energy. You get them from many foods, like grains (pasta, bread crackers, and cookies), fruit and vegetable, dairy products and sugars. Carbs will raise your blood sugar faster than any other food. So, have nutrient dense carbohydrates in your diet, so you don't have to eat as much to keep your blood sugar normal. You should also eat foods that keep your levels of lipids (fats) in the blood in a healthy range.
Your daily intake depends of your age, size, weight, medications, and athleticism. So your daily intake is different for everyone. But a generally healthy intake for one meal can include up to 60 grams of carbs and no more than 180 grams of carbs per day and a healthy calorie intake per day is between 1,200 -- 2,000 Calories.
How To Monitor Your Blood Sugar (Daily)
Self-monitoring is an integral part of diabetes management because is helps to put you in charge of your own body. A blood sugar meter is the best way to monitor your blood sugar. There are different ways to check your blood sugar, get a feel for it, and know your body. Fasting reading; A fasting blood sugar reading is taken first thing in the morning before you eat or drink anything and it gives you a starting point for the day and helps to determine what is going on during the night.
How to Monitor Your Blood Sugar (Long Term)
The best way to monitor your blood sugar being a diabetic is with the A1C test. The A1C test is a blood test that provides information about a person's average levels of blood glucose, also called blood sugar, over the past 3 months. The test is based on the attachment of glucose to the hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen. The reason it last 3 months is because red blood cells constantly form and die and typically live for about 3 months. The test reflects the average person's blood glucose levels. A normal A1C level is below 5.7 percent.
Lifestyle and Exercise
Being diagnosed as a diabetic is a big deal. It will cause a lot of lifestyle changes such as;
- Keeping a close eye on your blood sugar levels
- Protecting your heart and aiming for healthy cholesterol levels
- Achieving a reasonable and healthy weight
- Managing and and preventing complications of diabetes
- Monitoring what you eat and keeping a healthy diet
- Exercising at a safe rate (example: aerobic exercises)
- Watching what medications you take
Personal Stories of People With Type 1 Diabetes
Nick Jonas: "Nick Jonas, perhaps the most famous young star with type 1 diabetes, was 13 when he was diagnosed in 2005. A founding member of the band The Jonas Brothers, he is also a Broadway veteran who recently founded the band Nick Jonas & The Administration. He started the Change for the Children Foundation that partners with five charities to raise money and awareness for diabetes."
Struggling With Type 1 Diabetes
Melissa Jefferies is the picture of health. It's hard to believe that she's lived half of her life with seizures.Melissa is a Type One diabetic. Diagnosed at age 14, she struggled with seizures from the beginning.
- Type 1 Diabetes: What Is It? (n.d.). Retrieved December 06, 2016, from http://kidshealth.org/en/parents/type1.html
- Abma, R. K. (n.d.). Blood Sugar Monitoring: When to Check and Why - Diabetes Self-Management. Retrieved December 06, 2016, from http://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/managing-diabetes/blood-glucose-management/blood-glucose-monitoring-when-to-check-and-why/
- Diabetes Type 1 Personal Story - Watch WebMD Video. (n.d.). Retrieved December 06, 2016, from http://www.webmd.com/diabetes/video/struggling-with-type1-diabetes