The Civil War April 12, 1861 - May 9, 1865

Explain the significant economic and geographic differences between the North and the South

The economy of the South was based on agriculture. The South was dependent on SLAVE LABOR to tend the fields and maintain large plantations.
The North was industrial. There were many factories and large cities.
William Lloyd Garrison wrote The Liberator which was an anti-slavery newspaper. In the first edition, William Lloyd Garrison stated, "I do not wish to think, or speak, or write, with moderation."
Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass escaped slavery to become one of its most formidable opponents.
Sojourner Truth Sojourner Truth traveled the country as a forceful and passionate abolitionist. She was known for her quick wit and fearless tongue to fight for human rights.
Harriet Tubman became a famous "conductor" on the Underground Railroad, leading hundreds of slaves to freedom.
Harriet beecher Stowe
Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin and forever changed how slavery was viewed in America. Uncle Tom's Cabin contributed to the outbreak of war by personalizing the political and economic arguments about slavery.
John Brown was an American abolitionist who believed armed insurrection was the only way to overthrow the institution of slavery in the United States.


Sectionalism - loyalty to the interests of your own region or section of the country, rather than to the country as a whole.
Slavery in Territories - People in the North and the South worried about whether the Western territories would enter the Union as slave or free states, since that could influence the balance of power in Congress.
States Rights - the rights and powers held by individual states rather than by the federal government.
Presidential Election of 1860 - The Democratic Party split into three groups along regional lines, each holding different ideas about how to deal with slavery in the West. Abraham Lincoln, of the Republican Party, who wanted the West to be free of slavery. Because Lincoln’s opponents were so deeply divided, he won with less than 40% of the popular vote and without winning a single slave state. Although Lincoln’s election was fair, it pushed the Deep South closer to secession.
Secession - The withdrawal from the United States of eleven southern states in 1860 and 1861. The seceding states formed a government, the Confederate States of America, in early 1861. The Southern States would soon elect their own president.
Jefferson Davis was elected President of the Confederate States of America.


On April 12, 1861 the first shots of the Civil War were fired at Fort Sumter in Charleston, S.C.
On April 12, 1861, General P.G.T. Beauregard, commanded Confederate forces around Charleston Harbor to open fire on the Union troops still stationed in Fort Sumter.


Created with images by tpsdave - "antietam maryland sunset" • - "1952 booklet on Fort Sumter" • horaceko - "peering out" • Ron Cogswell - "Fort Moultrie -- Sullivan's Island (SC) 2012" • dennisflarsen - "cannon fort sumter south carolina"

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