eVENTS AND ISSUES THAT LED TO THE BEGINNING OF THE CIVIL WAR
Sectionalism - loyalty to the interests of your own region or section of the country, rather than to the country as a whole.
Slavery in Territories - People in the North and the South worried about whether the Western territories would enter the Union as slave or free states, since that could influence the balance of power in Congress.
States Rights - the rights and powers held by individual states rather than by the federal government.
Presidential Election of 1860 - The Democratic Party split into three groups along regional lines, each holding different ideas about how to deal with slavery in the West. Abraham Lincoln, of the Republican Party, who wanted the West to be free of slavery. Because Lincoln’s opponents were so deeply divided, he won with less than 40% of the popular vote and without winning a single slave state. Although Lincoln’s election was fair, it pushed the Deep South closer to secession.
Secession - The withdrawal from the United States of eleven southern states in 1860 and 1861. The seceding states formed a government, the Confederate States of America, in early 1861. The Southern States would soon elect their own president.