Unit 4 Government Vocab

Continuous Body - a legislative body, such as the U.S. Senate, that achieves stability by staggering the terms of its members to prevent more than a minority of seats from changing in a single election

Implied Powers - powers not explicitly named in the Constitution but assumed to exist due to their being necessary to implement the expressed powers that are named in Article I

Direct Tax - a tax, such as income tax, that is levied on the income or profits of the person who pays it, rather than on goods or services

Bankruptcy - the state of being bankrupt

Patent - a government authority or license conferring a right or title for a set period, especially the sole right to exclude others from making, using, or selling an invention

Necessary and Proper Clause - A section of the United States Constitution that enables Congress to make the laws required for the exercise of its other powers established by the Constitution

Perjury - the offense of willfully telling an untruth in a court after having taken an oath or affirmation

Speaker of the House - The presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives. The Speaker, a member of the House, is elected by a majority party caucus

Party Caucus - is a meeting of supporters or members of a specific political party or movement

Standing Committee - a permanent committee that meets regularly

Joint Committee - A joint committee is a committee made up of members of both chambers of a bicameral legislature. In other contexts, it refers to a committee with members from more than one organization

Bill - a draft of a proposed law presented to parliament for discussion

Concurrent Resolution - a resolution adopted by both houses of a legislative assembly that does not require the signature of the chief executive and that does not have the force of law

Discharge Petition - signed by the members of the House of Representatives to bring a bill from committee to the floor for consideration, requires the signature of an absolute majority of the members which is signature of 218 members.

Quorum - the minimum number of members of an assembly or society that must be present at any of its meetings to make the proceedings of that meeting valid

Filibuster - an action such as a prolonged speech that obstructs progress in a legislative assembly while not technically contravening the required procedures

Veto - a constitutional right to reject a decision or proposal made by a law-making body

Constituency - a body of voters in a specified area who elect a representative to a legislative body

Inherent Powers - are those powers that Congress and the president need in order to get the job done right

Naturalization - the admittance of a foreigner to the citizenship of a country

Eminent Domain - the right of a government or its agent to expropriate private property for public use, with payment of compensation

Censure - express severe disapproval of (someone or something), typically in a formal statement

President Pro Tempore - a high-ranking senator of the majority party who presides over the US Senate in the absence of the vice president

Floor Leader - the leader of a party in a legislative assembly

Select Committee - a small legislative committee appointed for a special purpose

Conference Committee - a committee of the United States Congress appointed by the House of Representatives and Senate to resolve disagreements on a particular bill

Joint Resolution - (in the US Congress) a resolution passed by both the Senate and the House of Representatives

Resolution - a firm decision to do or not to do something

Committee of the Whole - is a committee of the House on which all Representatives serve and which meets in the House Chamber for the consideration of measures from the Union calendar

Engrossed - having all one's attention or interest absorbed by someone or something

Cloture - (in a legislative assembly) a procedure for ending a debate and taking a vote

Pocket Veto - an indirect veto of a legislative bill by the president or a governor by retaining the bill unsigned until it is too late for it to be dealt with during the legislative session

Expressed Powers - are those specifically named in the Constitution, they are sometimes called delegated powers or enumerated powers

Consensus - general agreement

Commerce Power - means the power of Congress to regulate foreign commerce, interstate commerce, and commerce with Native American tribes in the U.S

Copyright - the exclusive legal right, given to an originator or an assignee to print, publish, perform, film, or record literary, artistic, or musical material, and to authorize others to do the same

Impeach - call into question the integrity or validity of (a practice)

Acquit - free (someone) from a criminal charge by a verdict of not guilty

Whip - move fast or suddenly in a specified direction

Subpoena - a writ ordering a person to attend a court.

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