- The area of Sydney was supposed to be named as "New Albion" initially, but it was changed to honor Lord Sydney for authorizing the establishment and settlement.
- It has seventh largest number of people who were not born in Australia and a growing population with 75% of immigrants.
- Sydney contributes to 25% of Australia's total economy summing up retail, services, mining, manufacturing, finance and property. About 60% of all the businesses have their haedquarters in Sydney.
- Sydney has 4.6 million people so it's the Australia's largest city.
- It was the site of the 1st british colony in Australia, which was set up in 1788.
SYDNEY OPERA HOUSE
The Sydney Opera House is a multi-venue performing arts centre in Sydney and it is one of most famous in the world . It was designed Jørn Utzon, a Danish architect. The building was opened in 1973 . The building occupy the area of Sydney Harbour, between Sydney Cove and Farm Cove, adjacent to the Royal Botanic Gardens, and close by the Sydney Harbour Bridge. Performances are presented by numerous performing artists, including four resident companies: Opera Australia, The Australian Ballet, The Sydney Theatre Company and Sydney Sympony Orchestra. Is one of the most popular visitor attractions in Australia, more than eight million people visit the site every year. The structure is composed by a series of large "shells", each composed of sections of a sphere radius, forming the roofs of the structure, set on a monumental podium. The building is sunk 25 m below sea level. On 28 June 2007, the Sydney Opera House became a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Sydney Harbour Bridge, called "The Coathanger" because of its arch-based design, is a steel through arch bridge across Sydney Harbour that carries rail, vehicular, bicycle, and pedestrian traffic between the Sydney central business district (CBD) and the North Shore. The dramatic view of the bridge, the harbour, and the nearby Sydney Opera House is an iconic image of Sydney, and Australia. The bridge was designed and built by British firm Dorman Long and Co Ltd of Middlesbrough and opened in 1932. The bridge's design was influenced by the Hell Gate Bridge in New York City. It is the sixth longest spanning-arch bridge in the world and the tallest steel arch bridge, measuring 134 m from top to water level.It was also the world's widest long-span bridge, at 48.8 m wide, until construction of the new Port Mann Bridge in Vancouver was completed in 2012.
ST MARY'S CATHEDRAL
The Cathedral of St. Mary in Sydney is Australia's largest Catholic church and one of the oldest cathedrals in the world. With a length of 100 meters, right next to the Hyde Park, St. Mary's is one of the symbols of Sydney. The construction of the cathedral began in 1868 and is in the Gothic style, with twin towers in the main facade. Inside stands the baptistery, located in a small chapel, and large windows, built in England. In addition, below we find the crypt of the cathedral, where the archbishops of Sydney are buried. St. Mary's is the "mother church" of Australian Catholicism and was erected in the place where it was built the first cathedral of Sydney, destroyed by fire in 1865.
SYDNEY TOWER EYE
Sydney Tower is Sydney's tallest structure. The Sydney Tower is a member of the World Federation of Great Towers. It stands 309 m . The tower is open to the public, and is one of the most prominent tourist attractions . Designed by Australian architect Donald Crone the first plans for Sydney Tower were unveiled in March 1968. Construction began in 1975. The total cost of construction was 36 million. SKYWALK will have you feeling on top of the world. You’ll be walking on air 268 metres above the city streets directly beneath your feet. Guests can look down through the glass floor viewing platform for a bird’s-eye perspective of the bustling city below. Among the main tourist attractions is the chance to dine on the top of the tower, admiring the view of the city. The building at the base has shopping center.
Sydney Observatory is located on a hill now known as Observatory Hill in the centre ofSydney. The site evolved from a fort built on 'Windmill Hill' in the early 19th century to anastronomical observatory during the nineteenth century. It is now a working museum where evening visitors can observe the stars and planets through a modern 40 cm Schmidt-Cassegrain telescope and a historic 29 cm refractor telescope built in 1874, the oldest telescope in Australia in regular use. Georg Merz and Sons, vintage 7.25-inch refracting telescope. Located at the Sydney Observatory is a vintage 7.25-inch refracting telescope on anEquatorial mount that was manufactured by the German company Georg Merz and Sons between 1860 and 1861. The 7.25-inch Merz refracting telescope arrived at Sydney Observatory, in 1861.
Sydney launched in 2008 an ambitious program of social and environmental reforms, Sustainable Sydney 2030.
The plan is based on several pillars:
- Innovation and sustainable development
- The fight against Climate Change,
- Strengthening of Public Transport and the network of cycle paths,
- Redevelopment of the center, especially a cultural level and community life
- Construction of New Public Housing intended weak bands to more of the population.
One of the most ambitious goals is to reduce by 70% greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 and produce 100% of the energy for place the situated near village. At least 30% of the production will come from renewable sources.
To reduce consumption, public lights will be replaced gradually by LED lamps. Another improvement has been achieved by equipping the solar panels most of the public buildings.
As for private companies, the plan was launched Smart Green Business companies involved, as well as to curb the waste of water and energy, declined 2,400 tons waste. The administration is also planning a more extensive network of bicycle paths and pedestrian zones and is implementing policies in favor of electric or low-emission vehicles. The major city centers will be linked together by a metropolitan service read.
The plan for 2030 aims to restore, at least in part, the variety of flora and fauna. As a first step, in the last six years about 7 thousand new trees were planted, and the citizens were invited to only grow plants and vegetables typical of Australia. The coast of the city will be redesigned to attract the animals by offering shelters.