Who? Henry McCarty; also known as William H. Bonney (September 17, 1859 – July 14, 1881) was an American Old West gunfighter who participated in New Mexico's Lincoln County War. He is known to have killed eight men.
What? Little is known of his youth, but early on he entered a life of thievery, eventually heading west and joining a violent gang. Billy was captured and sentenced to death for the murder of a sheriff, but escaped after killing guards.
When? September 17, 1859 – July 14, 1881.
Where? New Mexico.
Why? He was fighting for his gang.
The infamous Western outlaw known as “Billy the Kid” is born in a poor Irish neighborhood on New York City's East Side. Before he was shot dead at age 21, Billy reputedly killed 27 people in the American West. Billy the Kid called himself William H. Bonney, but his original name was probably Henry McCarty.