The greatest events of espionage in history
In movies and books spies are always professional, charming and elusive. But in real life, espionage is a difficult and dirty job, where, of course, there are mistakes and sometimes quite impressive. If we look into the history of espionage it can be notified that it began many centuries before our era. Everything started in 1419 B.C. when the pharaohs needed reliable information about the respective enemies. As a military superpower, ancient Egypt depended on scouts. By continually sending out spies pharaohs created the first intelligence network in history. Later in 500 B. C. Sun Tzu (Chinese general, military strategist, writer, and philosopher who lived in the Eastern Zhou period of ancient China) described five types of agents. Most important was the turncoat. When discovered, an enemy spy should be showered with benefits to recruit him for the captor’s side. Then on the one hand he would reveal secret information about the enemy; on the other hand he could deceive them with misinformation. Around 55 B.C. before Julius Caesar set out to war, he was eager to find out everything about the opponent.For this purpose he deployed a very high number of scouts. This was unusual for the wars of that time.
What concerns the WW2, espionage became an integral «weapon» against the enemy. Perhaps one of the most famous spies can be called Richard Sorge. A Soviet spy during the Second world war. Moreover, he is considered one of the outstanding scouts of the century. It is believed that he warned Stalin about the beginning of the great Patriotic war a month before Hitler's attack.One more significant spy was Arthur Owens, who was the first double agent during world war II to change several call signs. For a modest fee, he supplied Germany with information about British weapons, plans for airfields and the location of military bases and warehouses. After the beginning of the war, Arthur contacted MI-6 and willingly made contact with the opponent. With the help of Owens, British intelligence was able to uncover a network of more than 120 German spies and for several years successfully was selling false information to Germany.
"The Cambridge five". A group of double agents, consisting of five former students of the University of Cambridge, who worked in the British secret service MI-6 in favor of the USSR during the Second world war and the cold war.
Nowadays, espionage is everywhere. In your phone, in your tv and even in watches. You are recorded 24/7 without implying this fact. Being a spy is a hard work and the participants of these organizations should be one step ahead of the modern progress. That’s why we know less and less about spies of the 21st century. They are invisible. But they are among us…