Fascism- authoritarian or naturalistic right-wing system/ of government or organization. Fascism is a radical form of nationalism in the early 20th century in Europe which also led to WWI. Fascism was frowned upon by many and was tried numerous times to end this movement but in the end all it led to was war.
Appeasement- the act or process of appeasing. After WWI Hitler had major plans for Germany ad was determined to find his was up to the top of the pedestal to be the new world wide leader. Hitler was appeased in 1938 but quietly he was making deals and plotting behind everyone's back.
Blitzkrieg- intense military campaign intended to bring a quick victory. This was a German war strategy which means "lighting war". German's did everything in their power to strike within the element of surprise and hurt the enemy right where it would either stunt them into the most debt or wouldn't be able to retaliate.
Embargo- official band of refusal of trade with a certain country or area. After all these allies and axis allies were formed the act of embargo was placed in full motion due to some either hating the other of others (U.S.) trying to remain neutral so other countries wouldn't take that as an act of throwing it in their face/ helping the enemy.
2nd Great Migration- migration of more then five million African American's from the South to the North and West it took place from 1941, through WWII and officially ended in 1970. African American's had enough with the ridiculous extreme racism they faced in the South, although they didn't escape it fully no matter where they traveled it wasn't as intense as they faced in the past.
Four Freedoms Speech- goals articulated by the U.S. president Franklin D. Roosevelt on January 6th, 1941. In this speech Roosevelt also proposed the Lend Lease Act. The U.S. was determined to remain out of the loop and make an effort to keep the peace with surrounding countries and he felt with this speech it would be the outline to the solution of their future issues regarding peace.
Hemispheric Defense Zone- Roosevelt developed this zone which declared the entire western half of the Atlantic was now apart of the western hemisphere and therefore neutral. This made it easier for the navy to patrol this water land and didn't have to worry about someone striking so close to home. These allies bonds were growing angrier and more determined he didn't want to risk anything.
Pearl Harbor- the attack on Pearl Harbor is also known as The Battle of Peal Harbor where the Japanese hit us with a surprise attack and numerous amounts of people lost their lives. This was also the battle where we knew we wanted to declare ourselves apart of WWII and they were about to face or fury along with Germany and Italy.
Rationing- after declaring ourselves as apart of the allies and entering WWII the cost of war and all the supplies needed to be successful put the U.S. in a tremendous amount of debt. Soon all the citizens were forced to help contribute to the idea of conserving money and one of those ways was rationing. Saving and not wasting food so we were able to afford more supplies and feed all of our troops.
Victory Gardens- another way to conserve money for more supplies for war and give money to all the troops fighting for our country victory gardens were also formed to supply food to nearby neighborhoods and also ship also food to those at war.
Double V Campaign- newspaper for African American's which contained to major goals; victory over our enemies at war and victory for all the black lives at home. African American's were taking a stand and continued to fight their own battles where they were determined to show the world they supported us winning the war but also weren't going to back down from the battle they face daily.
Zoot Suits Riots- entering WWII put us in major debt so the idea of conserving money was a major deal and if you didn't participate in the movement it came off to others rather insulting. These riots were a series of attack on the Mexican American youth during WWII, beating each other up in the streets over the pieces of clothing being worn during the war.
Bracero Program- series of laws and diplomatic agreements initiated in August 1942 where the U.S. signed Mexican Farm Labor Agreement. Taking in these people although they did have to work like the rest of us was a major move and ideal for all the citizens who needed the help and work to support their families. Sign of major move toward peace.
Doolittle Raid- also known as the Tokyo raid on April 18, 1942 which was an air raid by the U.S. on the Japanese which in a way was a little payback for their actions on Pearl Harbor and also the anger that came about during war which effected everyone who lived their 10x more then what anyone could imagine.
Island Hopping- capturing islands surrounding Japan so when they are given the opportunity and are in striking distance they can make their move and attack easily where the Japanese aren't ready and they are ensured a straight victory, this idea was proposed by general Doulas MacArthur and in the end was a major key to their overall victory over Japan.
Operation Torch- British- American invasion of French North African Campaign during the second world war which begun in November 1942. Another movement to overcome another territory between the allies and axis allies during this long WWII where those fighting did what they had to do for their country.
Operation Overload - was code for the landing in France and liberation in Europe in which the allies planed the largest invasion in history where they truly imagined ultimate victory. It was a unified effort which planned to land on the beaches of Normandy.
Manhattan Project- this was the programs code name led by Gen. Groves , this secret laboratory was located in Los Alamos New Mexico. Here they were believe building a bomb or other secret weapons so they can use when they attack future enemies or battles they may face.
V.E. Day- on this day, May 7, 1945 Germany gave their ultimate surrender to the U.S. in which means they accepted their defeat and the V.E. represents 'victory in Europe' this day remains in history and you can only imagine after all the battles and lives lost all the happiness that flowed through the streets.
V.J. Day- Victory over Japan and surrendered in WWII and the happiness and accomplishment that took place on continues on.
Franklin D. Roosevelt- 32nd president of the U.S. who was one of the most famous president who did a lot for his country and people which made everyone so sad when his death came around and those who were around during his term they were so appreciative.
Adolf Hitler- Leader of the Nazi's and believed soon the world Hitler was an uprising man from Germany who had been plotting to rid of all those who to him didn't meet up to his expectation and also plot against his enemies so he can take over areas one by one and then soon the world with in his eye the superior race, his fellow Germans.
Joseph Stalin- Leader of the Soviet Union who was one of Hitler's allies Stalin was known for his radical ways of running his Union with extreme punishment towards his enemies and hatred to those who couldn't fully give him what he wanted.
Douglas MacArthur- General who led one of the top operations and was very famous to all the contributions he did for our army and for all he did his name will remain in history.
Winston Churchill- Prime minister of the U.S. until 1940 who was one of the first to suspect Hitler's mysterious actions and knew that bad was coming and we needed to be ready to fight any battle thrown at us.
George Patton- general during WWII who led many operations and inspired many to contribute to war and whatever they can do for this country it was good enough because the battles that we face will only go on.
Dwight Eisenhower- 34th president and was a five star general during WWII. Greatly liked president and was much appreciated for all he did for the people and changes he made during his term.
Harry S. Truman- After Roosevelt had passed Truman filled his shoes who was with the U.S. to the end of the war and did pretty well during his term but still didn't live up to Roosevelt expectation.
Rosie the Riveter- was a poster hung out during WWII to inspire women to help out during war whether it was taking up jobs in factories or actually enlisting in war. While doing so you can also maintain the beauty women possess and don't have to worry about losing.
Tuskegee Airmen- African American's who flew bomber planes but created their very own unit since many were turned away based solely on the color of their skin. They were very known and successful in all the missions they participated in and were very soon recruited by others to join their force no matter the color of their skin.
Navajo Code Talkers- only code to not be broken but the Navajo code was used during war so if they were to attack or had something to say they can do it in a way where they are be traced for what they saying and the element of surprise is not intact.
442nd Regimental- Japanese Americans who signed up for the army announced in 1943 in which they also accepted volunteers to serve in Europe.
Neutrality Act of 1939- this act outlawed the selling of supplies to nations at war due to anti war sentiment and kept them out the loop for other countries thinking they choosing sides or don't remain neutral like they claim.
Lend Lease Act- After Roosevelt gives his four freedoms speech he also mentioned the lend lease act in which he believed would be the beginning of the new world of peace and also gave those who were going to protect the U.S. the supplies they need.
Executive Order 9066- presidential executive order that the president signed during world war II on February 19 in which Roosevelt was happy to participate in and sign.
Korematsu vs United States- Japanese American who sued the U.S. for invalid treatment where at first many were upset to him or didn't care but at the end of the day he received an apology letter for the mistreatment he received and for once it was genuine.