The tiger Maik Hermes and Raf van den Hurk

General

The tiger is a beautiful animal. It's one of the felines. You can split felines in two: the big cats and the house cats. The tiger is a predator, what means that it eats meat. Also it doesn’t live in big groups or something like that. Their group only consists of one mother and cubs. The tiger average age is 15 till 20 years. There were 9 species of tigers but 3 of them are already extinct: the balinese tiger, the Javanese tiger and the Caspian tiger. The other 6 are still alive: the Siberian tiger, the North-Indochinese tiger, the Chinese tiger, the Sumatran tiger, the Bengal tiger and the Malaysian tiger. Now there are 5.000 to 7.000.

The Balinese tiger

The Balinese tiger is the smallest tiger. It lives on the island named Bali. The tiger is extinct in 1937, because it was a small area to live and the number of people that lived there become bigger.

The Javanese tiger

The Javanese tiger has a different skull than all the other tigers, but the Balinese tiger has the same skull. It lives in Java. Java is also an island and had extinct in 1978 for the same reason as the Balinese tiger.

The Caspian tiger

The Caspian tiger is possibly extinct. They say that it's extinct in 1990. But some people say that they have seen the tiger in Turkey.

The Siberian tiger

The Siberian tiger is known as the amoertiger. It is a very rare tiger and you can find him in the Mountains of Sichote-Alin. The Siberian tiger is the biggest tiger. There are around 500 siberian tigers.

The Siberian tiger

The North-Indochinese tiger

The North-Indochinese tiger is the most extinct tiger of all the tigers. There are around 30 tigers in the wild, and 20 in zoos. This specie lives in the South-Chinese mountains, the forest or the mountains.

The Chinese tiger

Is the most common tiger. There are 1200 until 1800. This tiger is splitted in two species tigers: the chinese tiger and the Malaysian tiger. You can find him in Malaysia, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam and in Cambodja.

The Chinese tiger

The Malaysian tiger

The Malaysian tiger lives in Malaysia, and they are with 500. They can be 2,8 metres long and 180 kilograms. The scientific name is Panthera Tigris Jacksoni.

The Malaysian tiger

The Sumatran tiger

The Sumatran tiger lives only on Sumatra. There are 500 of them and 350 in the wild. All the tigers are orange from color, but this one is dark orange. There habitat is killed by an tsunami. People rebuild their habitat.

The Bengal tiger

The Bengal tiger is a special tiger. One of the 10.000 is white. It’s the second strongest tiger, the siberian tiger is stronger. The Bengal tiger hunts at night, because the prey don’t see him or the prey sleeps. Poachers are hunting at the tiger before there skin and for medicines. The white Bengal tiger is special because it’s not an albino it is just an mistake. There are 750 Bengal tigers.

The Bengal tiger

The white Bengal tiger

Hunting

Because it’s a predator, it can hunt very well. The tiger is a solitary hunter. That means that it hunts in their own. The most preys of the tiger are herbivorous, hoofed animals. If the tiger got a prey, he will drag it to a quiet place. When he is done with dragging he will eat it and most of the time it will be 30 kilograms of meat. That is necessary because only 1 of the 20 attacks is successful. The tiger is one of the two feline that can swim very good. Sometimes they swim from one island to the other. They swim also to cool down. The tiger is sometimes using water to hunt. They’re hiding in a lake or pond and jumps out of it when the prey is close enough. They are following the prey and jumps on it.

Propagation

When a male tiger is only 5 years or older it can reproduce with a female. The time for that is usually in the beginning of the spring. How a male is going to find a female you will read now. The female roars a lot and leaves urine. That will hear or smell the male and so they will find each other. When the female tiger is pregnant, the gestation period is around 115 days. Normally tigers are getting 2 or 3 cubs at a time. The cubs are in the beginning blind. After one and a half week they can see with their eyes.

Distribution

A wild tiger only exists in Asia. From tropical rainforests to the siberian tundra. The only thing is that the tiger is a endangered specie. They are all becoming rare in the wild. But there are many animal protection groups that are helping the tiger a lot from poachers. Poachers are killing the tigers for their teeths and hide. Some people in China believe that you can make medicines from that. Poaching is illegal. That’s why the tiger’s teeths and hide is so expensive.

How the tiger looks like

In general, tigers got vertical stripes and are colored orange and black. But in some zoos all over the world are a couple of white tigers. They are made due to genetical mutation. There is an exception: 1 of the 10000 born Bengal tigers are white. They can be born with or without stripes. The last one is called snow white. The tiger also has a lot of muscles and is very strong. When you see his head and he is yawning, you can spot his enormous teeths. These are made to cut the flesh in pieces. Tigers are the biggest felines. It doesn’t matter much with the lion. Tigers are most of the time 150 to 300 centimetres long. And weighing 140 to 280 kilograms. They are seeing 6 times better than us at dusk, but during the day they are seeing the same as humans. The tiger has a smooth back, so that they can run very fast. From 50 to 65 km/h.

Credits:

Created with images by zoosnow - "tiger amur tiger ussurian tiger" • Unsplash - "tiger bengal wildlife" • icpc.news - "Harbin_JM_69" • RobBixbyPhotography - "JaxZoo_14-3-15-7977.jpg" • Sonja & Roland - "Sumatran tigers / Sumatra-Tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae)" • terimakasih0 - "tiger animal nature" • JudaM - "white bengal tiger tiger cat" • skeeze - "tigers cubs big cat"

Made with Adobe Slate

Make your words and images move.

Get Slate

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.