Point of view in this novel is third person limited to just Mr. Utterson. This limitation puts an emphasis on the mystery of the book because the reader does not simply know what is going on with all the characters, it makes us speculate and guess. The fact that he is a lawyer pushes the story and makes it even more riveting because without that we would never have access to the wills or letters.
"But the words were hardly uttered, before the smile was struck out of his face and succeeded by an expression of such abject terror and despair, as froze the very blood of the two gentlemen below" (Stevenson,40)
The setting of this book is located in Victorian London. This offers a very proper manner in to which the book is pitched to the reader. Most of the characters are stand up gentlemen, very to the point of what a man would be back in these days. Stevenson really captured the epitome of the Victorian gentlemen with Utterson. He keeps to his profession, takes it seriously, and sticks up for his friends even in the bad times.
"....but professional honor and faith to his dead friend were stringent obligations; and the packet slept in the inmost corner of his private safe." (Stevenson,37)
The characterization of both Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde is extraordinary. Stevenson created two men living in the same body and displayed their internal conflict over time. He showed us the fight that Jekyll was going through and developed the twos relationship to one another throughout the book. Dr. Jekyll was a good man with occasional bad thoughts that he felt guilty for, Stevenson made him easy to relate to.
"It was on the moral side, and in my own person, that I learned to recognize the thorough and primitive duality of man; I saw that, of the two natures that contended in the field of my consciousness, even if I could rightly be said to be either, it was only because I was radically both...."(Stevenson,60)
The undeniable theme of The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde is the duality of human nature. So as to give us the theme right in front of our eyes and to force us to see and understand it, Stevenson made Jekyll and Hyde the very essence of this duality.
".... and that when I reached years of reflection, and began to look round me and take stock of my progress and position in the world, I stood already committed to a profound duplicity of life." (Stevenson,59)
Mood and Tone
The tone that Stevenson was going for with this book was giving us a dramatic build up to a shocking ending. The drawn out dramatic parts of the book that eventually lead up to the discovery of the relationship between Jekyll and Hyde. He wanted to entrance the reader and make them stay involved in the story.
"It is one thing to mortify curiosity, another to conquer it; and it may be doubted if, from that day forth, Utterson desired the society of his surviving friend with the same eagerness." (Stevenson,37)
An allegory is a story that can be interpreted to discover a hidden meaning. This book is absolutely an allegory, it shows how the duality of human nature can destroy a person and drive him into madness. Dr. Jekyll was on the sad receiving end of this message Stevenson was conveying.
"Here then, as i lay down the pen and proceed to seal up my confession, I bring the life of that unhappy Henry Jekyll to an end."(Stevenson,72)