Four Kingdoms of Africa Ghana, Mali, Songhai, SURPRISE

Kingdom of Ghana is the area shaded in green.

GHANA

physical description: located in Western Africa, south of the Sahara, north west of the Niger river.

religion- animism, worshiped ancestors later became Islam.

knives from Ancient Ghana

trade: gold, ivory, and slaves for horses (Arabs), clothes, swords, an books (N. Africans and Europeans.) Much wealth came from this.

culture- spoke Soninke and Mande, monarchy, got many ideas from Muslims

info: 300-1100 AD, fell from growing too weak/ became part of Mali

slave trade- West African slaves were captured and sold to Muslims and either to South Africa or Central Africa.

modern Ghana

current Ghana: presidential republic. source, transit, and destination for trafficking, 3 airports.

WELCOME TO MALI

MALI

physical description: West Africa, hot, dry, near Niger River

ancient Mali church

religion- Islam/Muslim

trade:gold, traveled on camels in caravans...(import) salt, glass, ceramics, and precious stones from N. Africa

culture- small tribes, settled by French

info: 1235 AD -1600 AD, Mansa Musa

slave trade: men, women, children to W/E Africa to N. Africa

modern Mali

current Mali- 2016 state of emergency, constitutional democracy, one of poorest countries

MAP

SONGHAI

physical description: West Africa, large, Niger River, hot

religion- Islam

trade: gold, salt

culture- blend of traditional and Islam, daily traditions and customs

they have these everywhere

info: Askia Muhammad, 1464 to 1591

slave trade- captives of war used to transport goods, sold to Europeans and Americas

traded

current Songhai: now Senegal, Gameia, NW Nigeria, Central Nigeria

MAP

ZIMBABWE

physical description: tropical S Africa

religion- Shona

trade: iron

culture- iron makers and agriculturalist

info:1100–1450 AD

slave trade- part of Atlantic Slave trade. across the Atlantic ocean

current Zimbabwe: semi-presidential system, pop. 11,392,629, parliamentary democracy, variety of economical problems

SOURCES CITED

"Ancient Africa." Ducksters Educational Site. Technological Solutions, Inc.,, n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2017.

"Ancient Africa." Ducksters Educational Site. Technological Solutions, Inc., n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2017.

"Ancient Africa." Ducksters Educational Site. Technological Solutions, Inc., n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2017.

"Contact CIA." Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency, 01 Apr. 2016. Web. 10 Mar. 2017.

"History.com." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2017.

"Slavery in Ancient Africa." Slaveryinjustice. N.p., 27 Feb. 2010. Web. 10 Mar. 2017.

ps... thank you for allowing me to turn late, finally got internet to work!!

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