Beijing

Beijing is one of the four ancient cities of China, the best preserved, and famous around the world. The city is also known as a cradle of humanity.

History

  • Beijing City was established over 3,000 years ago and was called Jin City in the Western Zhou Dynasty.
  • It was the capital city in the Liao, Jin, Yuan, Ming, and Qing dynasties.
  • At the end of the Qing Dynasty, World War I broke out.
  • After that, the whole country was reduced to the status of semi-colonial and semi-feudal society.
  • Beijing became the focus of the war, which disrupted the society.
  • During these years, 34 emperors lived and ruled here.
  • The world renowned Forbidden City was built during this period.
  • Chinese people like to boast that they have the longest history of any civilization on earth.
  • Many elements of Chinese culture (characters, dragons, jade) can be traced back over 5,000 years.
The history sites in Beijing include the Great Wall, Tiananmen Square (largest city square in the world), and the Forbidden City.

Geography

Beijing is a large city located in northern China. It is also China's capital city and it is considered a direct-controlled municipality and as such it is controlled directly by China's central government instead of a province.

Beijing is located at the northern tip North China Plain, with mountains to the north, northwest and west sides, which protect the city and the agricultural regions of the Northern China from the encroaching desert.

  • Population: 22,000,000 (2010 estimate)
  • Land Area: 6,487 square miles (16,801 sq km)
  • Bordering Areas: Hebei Province to the north, west, south and part of the east and the Tianjin Municipality to the southeast
  • Average Elevation: 143 feet (43.5 m)

Culture

Undoubtedly, Beijing is the cultural center of China. Beijing has endowed too many connotations for culture.

  • Mandarin is the official language in China, and it is mostly based on the Beijing dialect.
  • There are many religions practiced in Beijing, although not always freely. The religious diversity within Beijing is vast, encompassing Daoism, Confucianism, Buddhism, Islam and Christianity.
The cuisine in Beijing is known as Jing Cuisine, and the popular dishes include Hot and Sour Soup *top left*, Moo Shu Pork *top right*, and Peking Duck, which is a roast duck sliced in a very specific way) *bottom*.

Facts

The chrysanthemum and the Chinese rose are Beijing’s official flowers.
  • The Forbidden City (the huge palace of the Ming and Qing dynasties) consists of 800 buildings, and it is a very popular place for tourists.
  • Beijing is not the first name this city has ever had. It was known by several names before it took its present name. The old names of the city are Ji, Yanjing, Youzhou, Fanyang, Guangyang, Nanjing, Dadu (Daidu), Zhongdu, Khanbaliq (Cambaluc) and Beiping.
  • Beijing is renowned for a large number of temples, opulent palaces and huge stone walls and gates.
  • The Beijing Opera is the area’s most famous opera house.
  • Theatre restaurants are of high quality, and shows such as the Kung-Fu shows and acrobatics play frequently in Beijing.
  • China is one of the oldest civilisations on earth.

Sources

https://www.travelchinaguide.com/cityguides/beijing/history.htm

http://www.topchinatravel.com/beijing/beijing-facts.htm

https://www.thoughtco.com/geography-of-beijing-1434413

http://www.chinesecultureshop.com/10-interesting-facts-about-beijing-china/

http://www.interestingfunfacts.com/interesting-facts-about-beijing.html

http://www.beijing-visitor.com/beijing-culture/beijing-culture-index

Credits:

Created with images by 3dman_eu - "roof china dragon"

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.