A)Autism spectrum disorders refers to a set of neurological disorders which are generally characterized by repetitive behavior and difficulties communicating and interacting with others. The “spectrum” includes a large range of symptoms and skill levels which manifest differently in different individuals with autism.
B)Some symptoms of autism include a lack of eye contact and communication, as well as indifference to social interactions. One of the most common symptom of autism is repetitive behavior. Socially, children with autism may be increasingly attached to their parents, but parents may read their attachment as disconnect. Also, children with autism generally have difficulty interpreting gestures and facial expressions, and have a challenging time understanding social cues. Generally, individuals diagnosed with autism have a hard time empathizing with others and putting themselves in others shoes.
C) Autism mainly impacts an individual's social development. Because they have a challenging time regulating their emotions, many children with autism have difficulty interacting socially with other children and adults.
D) There are many strategies that children with autism can use to improve social interactions. One method is to use task analysis, giving specific tasks in specific order for children to follow. Another strategy is to use simple and concrete language, making it easier for children with autism to understand and follow instructions.
E) Children with autism don’t develop skills in the same order as most children do. Autistic children may not be able to say single words until 12 months after their birth and maybe even later. They don’t start combining words to create sentences until they are about three years old. Autistic kids also have a hard time communicating with adults. For example, they may not respond to their name or make eye contact and they do not point to get someone’s attention. They do not share joint attention with other people. Joint attention is important to developing communication and language skills.
F) Myth: People with autism can’t understand the emotions of others.
Truth: Autism often affects an individual’s ability to understand unspoken interpersonal communication, so someone with autism might not detect sadness based solely on one’s body language or sarcasm in one’s tone of voice. But, when emotions are communicated more directly, people with autism are much more likely to feel empathy and compassion for others.
Myth: People with autism are intellectually disabled.
Truth: Often times, autism brings with it just as many exceptional abilities as limitations. Many people with autism have normal to high IQs and some may excel at math, music or another pursuit.
Myth: Therapies for people with autism are covered by insurance.
Truth: Most insurance companies exclude autism from the coverage plan roughly half of the 50 states currently require coverage for treatments of autism spectrum disorders.