The importance of the papacy helped to create a powerful Catholic Church, by unifying it by helping to set one orthodox set of belief and scripture.
The primacy of pope has been defended by having the popes in charge of all things
St. Paul acknowledges that Peter is the first to have received an appearance from the Risen Lord.God asked peter does he love him then Jesus commands Peter to feed and tend Jesus’ sheep.
The first Vatican council defined papal infallibility, which holds that the pope is preserved from error when teaching. The Second Vatican Council began its teaching first on the ministry of the bishops .
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