Culture and identity in a digital age Cheryl shouldice, Dannielle castle, katie mcmillan and merijam volpe

"A Third Culture Kid (TCK) is a person who has spent a significant part of his or her developmental years outside the parents' culture. The TCK builds relationships to all of the cultures, while not having full ownership of any. Although elements from each culture are assimilated into the TCK's life experience, the sense of belonging is in relationship to others of similar background"- (Pollock & VanReken, 2001)


"There were moments I felt extremely isolated on both continents. Not having the right color of skin or being labeled “Mzungu” meaning foreigner in a country I had always assumed was my home. Being told, I don’t belong there and I should leave their land and go back to my real home".

What we will explore


We will be exploring the effect that media has taken on culture. The positive aspects and the negative through social media, and pose ideas on how to positively make a change in a social space online. We have come up with ideas like creating a blog space, a Facebook group where “third culture” individuals can feel safe and at home, share their ideas and create a community to educate others.

Third Culture Connects

Our goal for this website is for it to serve as a community for Third Culture Kids to come together and share their stories. Within this site individuals will encounter people who have similar backgrounds within a variety of cultures and share stories through various forms of media. Our hope is that Third Culture Kids find friends who share in the experiences, and values that can only come as the result of a unique cross-cultural upbringing. This will also serve as a knowledge base for people who are not Third Culture Kids but are interested in getting to know these individuals perspectives.


Ancestry. (2016, June 14). Momondo: The DNA Journey. Retrieved from Youtube:

Banaji, S. (2010). Seduced ‘outsiders’ versus sceptical ‘insiders’?: Slumdog Millionaire through its re/viewers. Journal of audience and reception studies, 7(1). doi:1749-8716

Hannaford, J. (2016). Digital worlds as sites of belonging for Third Culture Kids: A new literacies perspective. 15(3), 252-263.

Moore, A. M., & Barker, G. G. (2012). Confused or Mulicultural: Third Culture individuals' culture identity. 553-563.

Nakamura, L. (2008). Digitizing Race, Visual Cultures of the Internet. Electronic Mediations, University of Minnesota Press, 23.

Pollock, D. C., & VanReken, R. E. (2001). Third Culture Kids: Growing Up Among Worlds. Nicholas Brealy Publishing.

Stets, J. E., & Burke, P. J. (2000). Identity Theory and Social Identity Theory. Social Psychology Quarterly, 63(3), 224-237.

Tannenbaum, M., & Tseng, J. (2015). Which one is Ithaca? Multilingualism and sense of identity among Third Culture Kids. 12(3), 276-297.

Warwick University Students Union. (2016). Third Culture Society. Retrieved from Warwick University Students Union:

Baron, R. A., Bryne, D., Branscombe, N. R., & Fritzley, V. H. (2011). Mastering Social Psychology, Canadian edition. Toronto: Pearson

Building Identity as a Third Culture Kid | Erik Vyhmeister | TEDxAndrewsUniversity. (2017). YouTube. Retrieved 17 February 2017, from

Gunderson, A. (2016, April, 4). TCKs Talk Home and Belonging. (2017). YouTube. Retrieved 17 February 2017, from

Alegria, A. (2010, Septemebr 13). Third Culture Kids. YouTube. Retrieved 17 February 2017, from

Nakagawa, A. M. (Director). (2017). Between: Living in the Hyphen [Video file]. Canada: National Film Board of Canada. Retrieved February 17, 2017, from

West, B. (2016, February 11). The 10 biggest struggles for a third culture kid. Retrieved February 17, 2017, from

TCKWorld: The Official Home of Third Culture Kids (TCKs). (n.d.). Retrieved February 15, 2017, from


Created with images by Eric Fischer - "The World Showing British Empire in Red (1922)" • rawdonfox - "Odd One Out" • TheAndrasBarta - "world europe map" • Conservation Concepts - "Kids in a Lake Albert Fishing Community" • Unsplash - "phone cell cell phone" • fdecomite - "travel" • eekim - "Connection" • MiraDeShazer - "typewriter keyboard type"

Made with Adobe Slate

Make your words and images move.

Get Slate

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.