Montgomery Bus Boycotts December 5, 1955, to december 20,1956

The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a non violent protest in which African Americans refused to take segregated transportation and instead walked miles or carpooled to get to the places they needed.
segregated bus

Leading up to the Montgomery Bus Boycott was everything segregation had held. It separated African Americans from whites in everyday things such as drinking from drinking fountains, taking public transit, and attending different schools. As shown in the Image above African Americans were forced to sit in different rows then the whites on the bus and when too many white peoples entered the blacks were forced to evade their rows and move back or stand up.

Rosa parks mug shot for her arrest of civil disobedience

On December 1st 1955, Rosa Parks was on bus no.2857 in Montgomery, Alabama. She was sitting with 3 other African Americans in a row when all the rows in front of her filled up with white people leaving one white man standing. It is illegal for a White person to be standing when blacks occupy the bus. This means that Rosa Parks and her 3 black occupants had to move back rows, stand up, or leave the bus. The 3 African Americans cooperated however Rosa Parks refused leading up to her arrest.

The arrest of Rosa Parks sparked one of the most famous non violent movements called the Montgomery Bus Boycott. This Boycott consisted of African Americans in Montgomery, Alabama refusing to take public segregated transportation and instead would walk miles and miles to their destinations or would car pool with other African Americans.

The Montgomery Bus Boycott occurred in Montgomery Alabama in one of most rural parts of racism in the south. However this boycott was not the first, a few years before this Africans Americans attempted to boycott buses in baton-rouge Louisiana which wasn't as effective as the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

The man who took charge of this boycott was a young Martin Luther King Jr. At the time, he was a 26 year old pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church. When Parks was arrested, he met with black leaders like E.D. Nixon, and they decided that he would lead the boycott.

After the arrest of Rosa Parks a civil rights activist, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Was brought in to lead the boycott along with other civil rights activists and 40,000 other African Americans.

The goal of the Montgomery Bus Boycott was to get rid of segregation and the term "separate but equal." It brought together thousands of African Americans to non violent protest which created history. It was was the first bus boycott successfully completed. The bus boycott brought out leaders from thousands of African Americans which lead the party's to success. The Montgomery Bus Boycott was significant because it was the first step to abolishing segregation and discrimination in America.

the bus boycott demonstrated the potential for nonviolent protest to successfully challenge racial segregation and served as an example for other southern campaign that followed Rosa Parks was part of the NAACP ( national association for the advancement of colored people)

many important figures in the civil right movement

Martin luther King, the face civil right movement, he believed in nonviolence approached to gained quality for black people. Dr. king was a reverenced who had moved to Alabama from Georgia in 1954. at the time boycott, martin luther king Jr was elected president of the montorgery movement

  • he was a baptist preacher and an activist
  • he held many of the peaceful protest
  • he was one of the many leader of this movement

martin luther King, did many things to bring greater equality to America and to ensure civil right for all people regardless of race. the majority thing that he did were to

  • bring publicity to major civil right actives and efforts
  • emphasize and encourage the importance of non-voilent protest and resistance
  • provide leaderships to the african-American civil rights movement
protester were brutality attacked by police dog

fear, intimidation, beatings, murders, waterhoses, police dogs, rabid counter-protesters, resistance to change ( even some TNE african-american community because of the fear and brainwashing over a couple of centuries) investigation into their private lives, incarceration for peaceful non-violence protest, and poverty for those who worked in the movement buy dropping out college, as many SNCC members did they give up potential to earn more over lifetime. working in the civil right movement was not a paying job. many never made it back to college to get the degree they were seeking

  • King faced many obstacles while on his mission for equality
  • he was arrested for over twenty times for protesting
  • he was the object of several violent attacks, both to his person and property
  • he received threatening phone calls, his home was bombed and set afire, and was even stabbed

  • martin Luther king, directed the peaceful march on Washington, D.C of 250,000 people to whom he delivered his address, "I have a dream."
  • he lead a massive protest in Birmingham, Alabama, that caught the attention of everyone, providing what he called a coalition of conscience. and inspiring his "letter from Birmingham jail", a manifesto of the negro revolution.
  • he planned the drivers in Alabama for the registration of negroes as voters
  • he showed them that he could do whatever he wanted and no one could stop him from accomplishing his dreams.
  • the montgomery bus boycott struck a major blow against segregation in america, leaders such as Martin luther king solidified their positions. a blue-print was drawn for how to fight the system without violence, even when the establishment was no afraid to use violence on you.
the boycott lasted for 381 days, the fight was for them to have equal rights no matter what their skin tone or ethnicity.

the successful of montegormey bus boycott include rising the spotlight of martin luther king Jr. who had been big helpful in organization of bus boycott. additionally, when African-American population Tallahassee, Florida saw monumental the montorgey bus boycott turned out to be, they decide to give it try. they're bus boycott lasted from may 27th, 1955 to march of 1956. long term, African-America now have the same rights as white person in the united state, and racism it is not as it was in the 1950s or 60s, although it is still around

There are unsegregated buses where blacks and whites can sit together in the front or back of the bus.

"Although the gains of the Montgomery Bus Boycott were small compared with the gains blacks would later win, the boycott was important to start the Movement. The lasting legacy of the boycott, as Roberta Wright wrote, was that "It helped launch a 10-year national struggle for freedom and justice, The Civil Rights Movement." It also helped make institutional segregation unconstitutional. Obviously, because of this boycott, and what it sparked with the Civil Rights Movement, the U.S. has racial equality for all citizens.

The Montgomery bus boycott changed the way people lived and reacted to each other. The American civil rights movement began a long time ago, as early as the seventeenth century, with blacks and whites all protesting slavery together. The peak of the civil rights movement came in the 1950’s starting with the successful bus boycott in Montgomery Alabama.

Since the people of Montgomery put so much pressure on the city officials and laws in the government, something had to change. On June 5th, 1956, a Montgomery court ruled that any law requiring segregation on buses, violated the 14th amendment in the Constitution.

LGBT individuals are still denied basic public accommodations because of their sexuality or gender identity.

LGBT has become a widely accepted designation for minorities based on sexual and gender orientation. all members of these subgroups are the subject to similar prejudices rooted in beliefs and traditions about sexuality and genders. LGBT people, as memebers of social minority group are suffering from varioud forms of socioeconmoic and cultural injustice. the lacks of social recognition has an effect of the capacity of LGBTpeople fully access and enjoy their right as citizens. they are more likely to experience intolerence, discrimination, harassment and threat of violence due their sexual orientation, than those that who identify themselves heterosexual

civil right movement

in contrast, No the Civil Rights Movement Is not Similar to the Gay Rights Movement There is a big difference between fighting for rights as a gay person and fighting for rights as a person of color. People of color have no choice over letting everyone know the color of their skin is different. It's a reality that exists day in and day out and the color of their skin is always out there for everyone to see. Therefore their rights feel more immediate to obtain because of how it affects their daily life. The Gay Rights movement shouldn't appropriate the Civil Rights Movement, but instead make their own.


During the Civil Rights movement it was stated over several times that the constitution clearly states that all men are created equally. And although the fight for black rights may be more severe due to the act of slavery it does not change the fact that all men are created equally meaning that all citizens of America deserve the same rights and treatment. The gay rights movement and civil rights movement may be for two different causes but in the end all those participating in either movement are fighting for the same thing which is freedom.

For 382 days, almost the entire African-American population of Montgomery, Alabama, including leaders Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa Parks, refused to ride on segregated buses, a turning point in the American civil rights movement.

work cited page:

"Montgomery Bus Boycott." Black American History, a History of Black People in the United States. Africaonline, n.d. Web. 25 Apr. 2017.

"The Montgomery Bus Boycott." African-American History. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Apr. 2017. Staff. "Montgomery Bus Boycott." A&E Television Networks, 2010. Web. 10 Jan. 2017. <>.

Carlson, Jay. "10 Famous Boycotts." Listverse. DIRECTV for BUSINESS, 17 June 2014. Web. 10 Jan. 2017

Hoose, Phillip M. Claudette Colvin: Twice toward Justice. New York: Melanie Kroupa /Farrar Straus Giroux, 2009. Print.


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