Cystic Fibrosis by: Cidney brown

Cystic fibrosis is a hereditary birth disorder that affects the exocrine glands causing production of abnormally thick mucus, leading to blockage and/or infection to the lungs, pancreas, kidneys, and other organs. This occurs 1 in every 2,500 newborns.

This is a visual of how the mucus gets into the airways causing build up.

Causes

There is really no specific "cause". The child must inherit abnormal copies of genes from both parents in order to have cystic fibrosis. The child still CAN inherit one bad gene, because then they are considered a "carrier." However, they must have both genes to have CF.

Symptoms

  • wheezing
  • shortness of breath
  • low bone density
  • weight loss
  • pneumonia
  • sinus infections
  • chest pain/colds
  • chronic coughing
  • kidney infections
  • excessive sweating
  • widened extremities

Diagnosis

There are many different ways a doctor or other medical professional can come to a diagnosis for CF.

  • chest x-rays
  • lung function tests
  • mucus tests
  • blood tests in┬ábabies
This is a baby who is undergoing a lung function test for diagnosis.

Most people who have cystic fibrosis are diagnosed before the age of 2. New born screening is now available.

Tests

  • Lung volume measurement: the baby/child sits in a glass booth that is filled with tubes of oxygen. The child breathes the air in and out and the booth senses how much air their lungs are actually taking in.
  • Mucus test: doctors take a sample of the patients mucus and sends it to a lab to test for a specific type of bacteria.

Treatment

Although there is unfortunately no cure, there are many different things that can help relieve and slow down the process of their cystic fibrosis worsening.

  • Inhaled drugs (inhalers) -most common prescription inhaler is Abuterol
  • inflammatory drugs- helps with the inflammation in the lungs and lining of airways
  • enzyme pills- these help the pancreas by keeping the function at a good pace
  • oxygen therapy (breathing treatments) -helps strengthen the lungs and loosen up any mucus in tight spots
  • antibiotics- to help prevent infection
  • lung transplant- last resort, lets patient receive new set of lungs, stalls time, does NOT take away cystic fibrosis
This is a mucus vest. Patients wear this (typically at night or early morning). You turn it on and it vibrates the patients chest. This loosens up the mucus that is in their body and makes it easier for the mucus to come out.

Prevention/Lessening the risk

There is really no prevention since it is hereditary. Don't have children if you are a carrier or are in relations with someone who is a carrier. Cystic fibrosis DOES worsen with age.

Sources

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cystic-fibrosis/symptoms-causes/dxc-20211893

http://www.webmd.com/lung/what-is-cystic-fibrosis#1

http://www.lung.org/lung-health-and-diseases/lung-disease-lookup/cystic-fibrosis/cystic-fibrosis-symptoms-causes-risks.html

Created By
Cidney Brown
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cystic fibrosis

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