Invasive Arctic Poppies
The Arctic Poppy became an invasive species by accident. They are mainly found in the harsh conditions of the northernmost part of Scandinavia, but have been accidentally brought to Alaska and have grown rapidly overtime. They can withstand extreme cold so are not hurt by living in the arctic tundra in Alaska.
Endangered Wood Bison
The Wood Bison is endangered because of a combination of overharvesting and habitat distribution which are the "H" and "O" in HIPPCO. There has been an increase in the hunting of Wood Bison over the past years which has caused the species to become endangered (O in HIPPCO). There has also been some habitat loss (H in HIPPCO).
The Arctic Fox has adapted to grow thick fur to protect them from the cold temperatures and it also changes colors with the seasons the blend into the environment. It also has small, pointy ears to hear small prey.
The Caribou migrate to avoid the harsh winters and have stocky bodies with short tails to keep heat from escaping the body during the harshest temperatures.
Snowy Owls have white feathers to blend in with the snow in the environments they tend to live in such as the arctic tundra. They also have a dense layer of down which is covered by a thick layer of feathers to keep heat from escaping the body.
The Harlequin Duck has extremely tactful diving skills which help to provide them with food in the winters when there are less options. This also helps them survive when there are stormy or harsh waters.
The Bearberry has adapted to grow low to the ground so it will stay out of the wind chill. It also has silky hairs to keep it warm in the harsh winters.
The Caribou Moss has adapted to produce its own food. It also can go for long periods of time without water which is useful because of there is a very small average precipitation per year in the Arctic Tundra.
The Labrador Tea has adapted to have fuzzy leaves that are also curled to absorb moisture out of the air which helps the plant live with the small amount of precipitation in the Arctic Tundra. The leaves also prevent water loss which helps with the same conditions.
The Pasque Flower stays low to the ground which is similar to many other plants in the Arctic Tundra which protects the plant from some of the cold. It also has silky hairs which insulate the plant to keep the heat in.