Department of Defense Henna Ghulam

The Department of Defense was founded on August 10, 1949. An amendment to the National Security Act further consolidated the national defense structure by withdrawing cabinet-level status from the three Service secretaries. The National Military Establishment was then renamed the Department of Defense.
The current Secretary of Defense is James Mattis. He is the 26th Secretary of Defense under the Trump Administration. He served in the military from 1969-2013. He has won many awards including the Distinguished Service Medal, Defense Superior Service Award, Legion of Merit, the Bronze Star Medal with Valor, 2 Defense Distinguished Service medals, and 3 Meritorious Service Medals.
The Pentagon was designed by architect George Bergstrom, and built by general contractor John McShain. During the 1940's the U.S. was consumed with war anxiety as Adolf Hitler was gaining control of Europe. The War Department needed headquarters fast but the original design for the building was too large to fit in Washington. In order to save time, the building was constructed to look like a pentagon.
The Department of Defense employs about 1.8 million people on active duty. It is the single largest employer in the United States, with more employees than Exxon, Mobil, Ford, General Motors, and GE combined.
The mission of the Department of Defense is to provide the military forces needed to deter war and to protect the security of our country. The department's headquarters is at the Pentagon. The Department of Defenses main building is huge by any standard, consisting of more than several hundred thousand individual buildings and structures located at more than 5,000 different locations or sites.
The U.S. Army’s mission is to fight and win our Nation’s wars by providing prompt, sustained land dominance across the full range of military operations and spectrum of conflict in support of combatant commanders. It is composed of two distinct and equally important components: the active component and the reserve components
The United States Marines is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for providing power projection, using the mobility of the United States Navy, by Congressional mandate, to deliver rapidly, combined-arms task forces on land, at sea, and in the air.
The US Navy recognizes 13 October 1775 as the date of its official establishment — the date of the resolution of the Continental Congress that purchased two vessels to be armed against British ships. Naval power played a significant role during the American Civil War, in which the Union had a distinct advantage over the Confederacy on the seas.
The U.S. Air Force provides air support for surface forces[11] and aids in the recovery of troops in the field. The highest-ranking military officer in the Department of the Air Force is the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, who exercises supervision over Air Force units, and serves as a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
On December 13, 1636 the first militia regiments in North America were organized in Massachusetts. Based upon an order of the Massachusetts Bay Colony's General Court, the colony's militia was organized into three permanent regiments to better defend the colony. From the nation's founding through the early 1900's, the United States maintained only a minimal army and relied on state militias, directly related to the earlier Colonial militias to supply the majority of its troops.
Created by Congress on August 4, 1790 at the request of Alexander Hamilton as the Revenue Marine, it is the oldest continuous seagoing service of the United States. The Coast Guard has roles in maritime homeland security, maritime law enforcement, search and rescue, marine environmental protection, the maintenance of river, intra-coastal and offshore aids to navigation.


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