Jim Crow By: Jack Shediac
In 1870 the 15th Amendment was passed which allowed black people to vote. However, part of the amendment said that their were some regulations in order for blacks to vote. One of these regulations was that if your grandfather could vote then you could vote, since lots of black people before that generation was not able to vote, then it would carry on forever so no black person could ever vote. Another piece of the amendment was that in order for a black person to vote he, (women didn't have voting rights no matter what race they were) would have to pass a literacy test. This may not sound like a big deal, but since lots of black people were uneducated slaves for a long time they wouldn't be able to pass the test even with time passing because all they would be able to do for money is work in the fields.
In the book To Kill a MockingBird Atticus decides to take a court case for a black man named Tom Robinson. However, during the Jim Crow era there were not many fair cases in the court against blacks. In this case Bob Ewell, another citizen in Maycomb accuse Tom of raping his daughter. In the town everyone believes the Ewells just because Tom is black and they all want him killed. However, when it comes to the trial Atticus helps prove many strong points that nobody can easily ignore. Through the trial people can start to learn that it is most likely Bob Ewell who assaulted his daughter.
During the Jim Crow Era there were many murders, or lynchings of black people. For example, in class we read about a county in Georgia that after 77 years, finally apologized for the murders. Lynchings usually happened when a black person was in jail and a mob of white people came to steal the prisoner just to hang him or do other terrible things to kill him. In this case a black man named Austin Callaway who was accused of assaulting a woman was "... dragged out of a jail cell by a band of masked white men, then shot and left for dead.". This was a terrible thing for anyone to do, the thing is, he was probably innocent.
During the Great Depression, many black people were hurt in different ways. Since there was still lots of racism in the United States at the time, many blacks were forced out of work and replaced by white men who needed jobs. Lots of businesses racially prioritized their jobs instead of picking the best men for the job. Other people would just kill black people who had jobs so there would be spots open for whites. There were groups like the Black Shirts who would protest by saying things like "No jobs for niggers until every white man has a job.". These terrible things kept black people from having much economic status in the United States.
At one point during the Great Depression, half of the black population was out of a job. This caused a rise in racial violence against blacks in the South, more black people could have been lynched because they could've done something "wrong". It also caused more cities in the North to be pressured into firing any black people in order to hire whites until no white was out of a job. This caused blacks to struggle financially in what was already a very difficult time.
During Roosevelt's Presidency he made the National Recovery Act in 1933, this bill was also known as the Negro Removal Act by many black Americans. This was because the bill was supposed to be the thing that made equal wages no matter what your race was and stopped discriminatory hirings. Many black people were not hired by public work unions and if they did hire them then they were not paid fairly. This was another way that black people struggled during the Jim Crow/Great Depression Era.
In the South during the Jim Crow Era blacks were not treated well at all. One example, of this is a story from Wilhemina Baldwin who was treated with a tremendous amount of disrespect by a little white boy who was more than half her age. When she was leaving the movies with her sister there was a little white boy who was probably 8 or 9 in her opinion who called her the n word and said that she couldn't leave until all the white people had left. This is not something that rarely happened either, in the Jim Crow Era, white people would make sure they came before blacks or else the black people would be murdered or assaulted.
Another real life story about blacks being "bullied" during the Jim Crow Era is from Charles Gratton. When he was a kid he was sometimes asked to run down to the store to buy something for his mother. Even though if you think about running downtown these days, the only dangers you think of are getting hit by a car or something but for him, it was the people that he would be sharing the sidewalk with. Every time his mom had him go get something then she would say that if he saw any white people on the sidewalk then he should get off the sidewalk and not "challenge white people". This kind of behavior that was expected of black people is ridiculous and has probably taken a toll on people's live's.
During the Jim Crow Era black people were "bullied" with their jobs as well. For example, in the book To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, Tom Robinson is arrested because he was accused of raping Bob Ewell's daughter. Tom was a husband and a father, with him in jail there wasn't any money coming into the house so his wife had to go get a job. However, since Tom was accused of raping a white woman than nobody would give his wife a job which is not good at all for Tom's family.