Mining By: Noreen Amin

what is it/ what it is used for?

  • mining is the extraction of minerals and metals that are from the earth. Some things that are mined are copper, tin, nickel, iron, gold, silver, and diamonds.
  • It is used for computers
  • Smartphones
  • Vehicles
  • Needed for construction of roads
  • Hospitals
  • Airplanes
  • Fireproof
  • Fabrics


How do they get their resource's:

  • The industry is accounted for 18.2% of the value of Canadian goods exports in 2014.
  • Mining industry payments to the Canadian federal and government's total $71 billion in taxes and royalties(2003-2012.

What products do they make and sell:

  • Jewelry
  • Plasma TVs
  • mobiles
  • iPods

Where do they send the products:

  • They send the products to jewelry stores
  • electronic stores
  • Apple
  • Best Buy
  • Store's that are electronic stores or jewelry stores and a car dealer ships.

People that work in mining:

  • Click the link below and it will show you the jobs for mining.

Trade with countries:

  • Click the link below and it will show you graphs about trading in Canada over the years.


  • Environmental Impact of mining which includes erosions, formation of sinkholes, loss of biodiversity.
  • It is the most dangerous job espicically coal mining.
  • One of the most common accidents in mining are cave-ins, which is due to walls and ceilings of underground mineshaft that have not been properly secuered.
  • And coal which is left in the ground can catch fire , and mine fires are difficult to handle.
  • Diseases are made when the workers don't take water out of the puddles they make
  • Water gets polluted because they don't know what inside of the mines they dig and those creatures and dirt go into the water and pollute it.
  • And when the workers put chemicals in the mines it goes into lakes, river, streams then that water is no longer clean, safe and useable to anyone.
This is what a cave-in looks like.

Money it brings to Canada:

  • About 375,000 people that are across of Canada work in mining.
  • Canada has more that 3,700 companies supplying, engineering, environmental.
  • Mining contributed $57 billion to Canada's Gross Domestic Product in 2014.
  • Manufacturing has an average¬†income of $21,000- $33,000.
  • Approximately 3,700 companies fund services to mining operations like engineering, geotechnical, financial, environmental and others.
  • mining employees get paid around $21,000
mining areas
mining areas

Where is mining and How large is mining:

This picture above show's were mining is located in Canada.

The picture below shows the top ten biggest gold mines in the world.

Some pictures of big mines:

Background Information/Facts:

  • South Africa os the worlds biggiest producer of plantium.
  • South Africa is one of the leading producers of gold, diamonds, base metals and coal.
  • For over 130 years South Africa has provided critical mass for the development of world class industries.
  • In 2009 the chambers mines estimated that around R200 billion in values to the local economy's was added through the indermidiate and the final product industries that use minerals that are produced by South Africa's mines.


  • The miners can put a sign saying chemical water
  • The miners can take the water out of the whole before they leave
  • The miners mangers can create a rule saying " you have to take all the water out of the puddles and put signs around lakes, rivers and streams saying "chemical water don't use
  • Using waste as raw material

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