Job Application Letter
Research On Cinematographers
Cinematographers play a crucial role in TV production, they are the people who record footage of the TV show and generally follow a set camera script.
- A good eye for detail
- Thorough understanding of lighting techniques, light colour, shade and manipulation
- Strong technical knowledge of cameras and the film production process
- Strong communication skills
- Strong team management skills
- Excellent listening ability
- Work closely with the director for visuals
- Interpret instructions given by the director for the required mood, theme and feel
- Relay instructions and describe project-specific demands to the camera operators and production crew
- Advise director on suitable composition and use of lighting, shadow and fill
- Must be ready with the position and camera at all times during filming
In a live TV program, there are multiple cinematographers to take different angles of an object/person(s). Cinematographers are tight for time and have to be quick at changing positions when necessary.
Textual Analysis - The Grand Tour
Target Audience & Appeal
The Grand Tour is a show which is aimed at teens to adults. This is because of factors such as humour and visual appeal. In the Grand Tour, Visual Appeal can be created by using many things. In the picture above, visual appeal is being created by the use an exotic car being power slid on a race track. These 2 factors further emphasises that The Grand Tour's target audience is not aimed at young kids or old people and is more suited for teenagers and adults. The theory: Uses and Gratification makes sense in this case as it states that audiences seek out specific media to satisfy their needs. In this case, teenagers and adults are mainly the audience of this show because they seek TV shows that presents exotic cars, stunts and hazards.
Humour in The Grand Tour is for mature audiences which is because of the language used and it's crude humour. *(Note that Clarkson has been suspended multiple times when he dropped racial slurs in BBC Top Gear)*. One of The Grant Tour's genre is Comedy. Comedy also plays a crucial role in keeping the audience attracted to the program.
Another appeal of the show is the travelling side of it. The Grand Tour is a show which goes across the globe. This means that the audience is always getting the unexpected. In one episode they can be reviewing cars in Finland, the next can be a road trip across Namibia. This allows audiences to see differences in the geography, culture, development, people, vehicles. The travel aspect of the show keeps the audience excited to see where the presenters will go next.
A different appeal of the show could be the casual-talkative side of it. In The Grand Tour, there is a segment of the show which is called 'conversation street' where the presenters give their opinions and insights on motoring related content or traffic laws. The casual tone and speech they use is the tone I speak to my friends which makes it very relatable when watching that particular segment. Another aspect of the casual mannerisms is that the presenters usually involve the audience with it. This is unplanned and further emphasises that this show is very casual.
The final appeal and most prevalent is the motoring enthusiasm. The Grand Tour's is a show which is wholly based on vehicles which attracts most motoring enthusiasts. As a enthusiast myself, watching the presenters give reviews or their insights on cars is a treat. It satisfies my needs when watching this show.
The Grand Tour's opening is different from every episode but always has a montage of the episode in a 1 minute intro. There's many things going on in this episode which provides the viewer information of what he/she will expect in the episode.
The function of the 3 presenters in the show is to provide comedy, information and opinions. They are usually dressed casually for practical use and for the target audience as audience are watching a casual, laid-back TV show. The show is also fairly connected to the audience when the presenters start debating as the presenters will often ask a random person in the crowd of who they think is right. The use of language is also casual and often has crude words. This is because the program is more of a comedy rather than a factual show. Since one of the target audiences are teenagers, they are more likely to want to watch shows with a mix of facts and comedy rather than a show with just facts and no comedy (Documentary).
The Grand Tour used many different types of camera shots to create visual variety.
Opening sequence - Gives a very brief backstory on what happens throughout the episode. It makes the audience tuned to what will happen next and why it happens. For example:
Mid Sequence - It is the longest sequence out of the 3. It Contains the review, action scene and discussion.
End Sequence - Usually ends at a 'bombshell', Contains Credits.
Camera 1: zoom from L/S to M/S
Hi I’m sal and I gonna’ teach you how to make a tin can candle holder.”
Tricaster animation + photo of equipment needed.
Voiceover: Here is what you will need, scissors, tape, a pen or pencil, a sheet of paper, a few nails/screws, a drill or hammer and, of course, a tin can.
Camera 1: M/S
Sal: The first thing you have to do is make sure you have frozen water in your can overnight.
Camera 2: C/U of demonstrator’s hands
Sal: The ice stabilizes the can so that when you are hammering it later on, the can won’t dent. After that, get a piece of paper which is about the same size of the can, and tape it on.
Camera 1: M/S zoom to C/U of action
Sal: Begin marking dots on the paper which you’d like to hammer. I am just doing a random pattern here but you can also use patterns or anything you like really.
Camera 3: C/U from different angle/diving shot on hands product
Camera 2: pan into C/U
Sal: Then take your hammer and nails and begin punching holes on the marked paper.
Camera 1: M/S
Sal: I’ve finished hammering the holes, I unwrapped the can and ran it under warm water to melt the ice. You should end up with something that looks like this.
Already-made clip of finished product
Sal: Here is what it looks like with a candle inside, voilà your candle holder is complete.
Camera 1: M/S zoom out to L/S
Sal: Thank you, and hope you like this decoration.
Items Needed for Cinematographer 3 (Me)
- Woki Toko
- Headphones w/ microphone
- TV Camera