Oskar was a German industrialist, spy, and member of the Nazi Party who is credited with saving the lives of 1,200 Jews during the Holocaust. He employed them in his factories in Poland. The Jews stayed and worked in his factories during the war. This saved their lives.
Oskar Schindler was born into a German Catholic family on April 28, 1908. After pattending trade schools, he worked for his father’s farm machinery company. He worked for Germans and later joined the Nazi Party. An opportunist businessman with a taste for the finer things in life, he seemed an unlikely to become a wartime hero. During the war, he operated a factory that employed more than 1,000 Polish Jews, saving them from concentration camps and death.
In the 1930s, the political landscape of Europe changed dramatically with the rise of Adolf Hitler and the German Nazi Party. Sensing the shift in political momentum, Schindler joined a local pro-Nazi organization and began collecting intelligence for the German military. He was arrested by Czech authorities in 1938, charged with spying and sentenced to death but was released shortly thereafter, when Germany annexed the Sudetenland. Schindler would take advantage of this second chance.
Oskar Schindler renamed the factory Deutsche Emaillewaren-Fabrik (German Enamelware Factory) and started production with a small staff. Possessing a certain panache for business and engaging in influence peddling, Schindler secured numerous German army contracts for kitchenware. He soon met Itzhak Stern, a Jewish accountant, who connected Schindler with Krakow’s Jewish community to staff the factory.
The Nazis began experimenting with poison gas for the purpose of mass murder in late 1939 with the killing of mental patients ("euthanasia"). A Nazi euphemism, "euthanasia" referred to the systematic killing of those Germans whom the Nazis deemed "unworthy of life" because of mental illness or physical disability. Either gas came out, or they would be able to shower.
Holocaust trains were railway transports run by the Deutsche Reichsbahn national railway system under the strict supervision of the German Nazis and their allies, for the purpose of forcible deportation of the Jews, as well as other victims of the Holocaust, to the German Nazi concentration, forced labour, and extermination camps. Some people were too weak to even try and get help when the Americans came. They died from lack of food and water. They were poisoned and sickly.
All of these bodies are dead, and all are Jews. Each of them were poisoned by gas, and starved. They all lived in cramped tiny living spaces, and were treated like dirt. They each had families, and they were taken and killed. All of these people, never even got to say goodbye to their loved ones.
Jews throughout Nazi-occupied Europe were forced to wear a badge in the form of a Yellow Star as a means of identification. This was not a new idea; since medieval times many other societies had forced their Jewish citizens to wear badges to identify themselves.