The 13th Amendment By Kyra Patenaude

Abolition of Slavery 1865, Wood engrav. Abolition of Slavery in the United States in 1865 (13th Amendment).-"Scene in the House of Representatives in Washington after the adoption of the amendment on 31 January".-Wood engraving, coloured at a later stage. Fr.: Illustrirte Zeitung, Vol.44, No. 1133, Leipzig, 18 March 1865, p.177. CREDIT akg Images / Universal Images Group Rights Managed / For Education Use Only

SLAVERY: 13TH AMENDMENT. - U.S. postage stamp, 1940, commemorating 75th anniversary of 13th Amendment, prohibiting slavery.

CREDIT The Granger Collection / Universal Images Group Rights Managed / For Education Use Only

Celebrate The 13th 6th December 1865: The House of Representatives celebrating the passage of the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution which prohibited slavery. (Photo by MPI/Getty Images)

The Path To Freedom For Slaves:

March 31, 1864 - Debated in the Senate (S.J. Res. 16).

April 4-7, 1864 - Debated in the Senate.

April 8, 1864 - The Senate passed the 13th Amendment (S.J. Res. 16) by a vote of 38 to 6.

June 14, 1864 - Debated in the House of Representatives.

June 15, 1864 - The House of Representatives initially defeated the 13th Amendment (S.J. Res. 16) by a vote of 93 in favor, 65 opposed, and 23 not voting, which is less than the two-thirds majority needed to pass a Constitutional Amendment.

December 6, 1864 - Abraham Lincoln's Fourth Annual Message to Congress was printed in the Congressional Globe: "At the last session of Congress a proposed amendment of the Constitution, abolishing slavery throughout the United States, passed the Senate, but failed for lack of the requisite two-thirds vote in the House of Representatives. Although the present is the same Congress, and nearly the same members, and without questioning the wisdom or patriotism of those who stood in opposition, I venture to recommend the reconsideration and passage of the measure at the present session."

January 6, 1865 - Debated in the House of Representatives (S.J. Res. 16).

January 7, 9-13, 28, 1865 - Debated in the House of Representatives.

January 31, 1865 - The House of Representatives passed the 13th Amendment (S.J. Res. 16) by a vote of 119 to 56.

February 1, 1865 - President Abraham Lincoln signed a Joint Resolution submitting the proposed 13th Amendment to the states.

December 18, 1865 - Secretary of State William Seward issued a statement verifying the ratification of the 13th Amendment.

The 13th Amendment to the Constitution declared that "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction." Formally abolishing slavery in the United States, the 13th Amendment was passed by the Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified by the states on December 6, 1865.

The Thirteenth Amendment

Research in connection to Mildred D. Taylor's The Land, using the Library of Congress, no author

Created By
Kyra Patenaude


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