Van Gogh Museum
The Van Gogh Museum is located in Holland. There are over 200 painting, 500 drawings, and 750 written documents. Vincent Van Gogh was a very famous painter known for his abstract painting and for cutting off his ear. The Van Gogh Museum also displays art work by friends who were painters and others that influenced him.
1. Marriage between Jews and subjects of the state of German or related blood are forbidden. Marriages nevertheless concluded are invalid, even if concluded abroad to circumvent the law. Annulment proceedings can be initiated only by the State Prosecutor.
2. Extramarital intercourse between Jews and subjects of the state of German or related blood is forbidden.
3. Jews may not employ in their household female subjects of the state of German o related blood who are under 45 years old.
4. Jews are forbidden to fly the Reich or National flag or to display the Reich colors. They are, on the other hand, permitted to display the Jewish colors. The exercise of this right is protected by the State.
5. Any person who violates the prohibition under I will be punished by a prison sentence with hard labor. A male who violates the prohibition under I will be punished with a prison sentence with or without hard labor. Any person violating the provisions under III or IV will be punished with a prison sentence of up to one year and a fine, or with one or the other of these penalties. The Reich Minister of the Interior, in coordination with the Deputy of the Führer and the Reich Minister of Justice, will issue the Legal and Administrative regulations required to implement and complete the Law. The Law takes effect on the day following promulgations except for III, which goes into force on January 1, 1936. Nuremberg, September 15, 1935 at the Reich Party Congress of Freedom.
The Nuremberg Law was a set of laws that Adolf Hitler made to make the lives of Jewish people more difficult. These laws included who the Jewish people could marry and what flag they could and couldn't fly. These laws made it easy for Germans to see who was Jewish and who wasn't. For example, law number four says that Jews were only allowed to fly the Jewish flag and not the German flag. This was a way to find the Jews easier because if you didn't have the German flag out, you most likely were Jewish.
Propaganda was misleading information used mostly in politics to make the other person look bad. Propaganda was used a lot in World War II because Hitler wanted the Germans to think the Jews are bad. He used propaganda to make the Germans fear the Jews. One of the piece was him pulling a curtain and making the Jewish people look ugly and bad. Dr. Seuss used propaganda against Hitler to make him look bad.
Peter van Pels
Peter van Pels was born November 8, 1926 in Osnabrück to Hermann and Auguste van Pels. He was an only child. Peter worked in various jobs when he was younger. Anne's first impression of him was that he was very lazy and hypersensitive. He died on May 10, 1945 in Mauthausen.
Fritz Pfeffer was born April 30, 1889 in Germany. His parents were both Jewish and very religious. He married a woman named Vera Bythiner and they have one son together named Werner. Fritz divorces Vera and was engaged to Charlotte, but they couldn't marry because of the Nuremberg law. He died on December 20, 1844 in Neuengamme.
Miep Gies was born February 15, 1909 in Vienna, Austria. She was sent to the Netherlands after World War 1 because her parents could not afford to feed her. In 1933, she became a secretary for Otto Frank at Opekta Company. She married Jan Gies on July 16, 1941. From 1942- 1944, she helped hide eight Jews from the Germans. She died on January 11, 2010 at age 100.
Bep Voskuijl was born on July 5, 1919 in Amsterdam. After elementary school, she worked as a maid, in a restaurant, and as a seamstress. On May 15, 1944, she became engaged to Bertus Hulsman, but soon breaks off the engagement. She married Cor van Wijk on May 15, 1946 and they had four kids together. She died on May 6, 1983 in Amsterdam.
Act I Summary
In Act 1 of The Diary of Anne Frank, we learn that the Frank's and Van Pels' must go into hiding because war has broken out in Germany and Hitler plans on killing all the Jews. 13 year old, Anne Frank, is very excited about living in the Secret Annex and is enjoying documenting it all down in her diary. A few months into hiding, Mr. Dussel, a dentist, joins them in the Secret Annex and already takes a dislike to Anne. We learn that a robber breaks into the wear house during Hanukkah. This wouldn't be a big deal, except that Peter hit a lamb and must've scared the robber away. This causes much tension between everyone, but Anne stays happy and continues to sing her Hanukkah song in rejoice.