The Reformation By: Lauren Perez, Samantha ValdIvia, Chris Ruthford

The Catholic Reformation

While Protestant churches won many followers, millions remained true to Catholicism. Helping Catholics to remain loyal is known as the Catholic Reformation. It is referred to as the Counter Reformation. Ignatius of Loyola, who founded new religious orders, and two popes Paul III and Paul IV took actions to reform and renew the Church from within.

Martin Luther

Just a few years ago Luther began to teach scripture at the University of Wittenberg. A few years later took a stand against the actions of a friar Johann Tetzel. He was troubled by his doings and in response wrote 95 Theses. Someone copied his works and posted it on social media, where they quickly spread and the Reformation began. Luther then went for full reform of the church, which rested on three main ideas. As the years continued and Luthers reforms grew more popular, Pope Leo X issued a decree threatening Luther with excommunication unless he took back his statements. Luther did not take back a word. Instead, his students at Wittenberg gathered around a bonfire and cheered as he threw the pope’s decree into the flames. Leo then excommunicated him.

John Calvin

John Calvin was a law student at the University of Orleans when he first joined the cause of the Reformation. He later then published the landmark text Institutes of the Christian Religion, to standardize the theories of Protestantism. Calvin's religious teachings emphasized that God chooses those who will enter Heaven based on His grace.Calvin used Protestant principles to establish a religious government, he was later given absolute supremacy as leader in Geneva. Calvin was known for an intellectual, unemotional approach to faith that provided Protestantism's theological where abouts, whereas Luther brought passion and populism to his religious cause.While instituting many positive policies, Calvin's government also punished dissent against his particularly spare vision of Christianity with execution.

Catholics and Protestants

The Catholics had many challenges like how it's critics claimed that it's leaders were corrupt and the lower clergy had problems like many priests were poorly educated that they could scarcely read, let alone teach people. Protestants taught that the Bible is the source of all religious truth and that people should read it to discover those truths, while the Christians interpreted the Bible for themselves. New Protestant groups formed over differences in belief. The Christian way is more effective in the way it teaches people than the Protestants and I better agree with them.

LUTHER TAKES ACTION!

Martin Luther has took a stand against the actions of Friar Johann Hetzel! This could change everything from now and long into the future. Martin Luther has written The 95 These which will attack the pardon merchants. We need to take action now and stop him from doing this. He is only a monk and a teacher which means that we can not him give the attention and the control that he is trying to achieve. Now with thus in mind, society should take action and stop Luthers attempt so stand up and take action on friar Johann Tetzel.

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