Inventors and their Inventions The inventions that Shaped the World

James Watt

James Watt was a Scottish Engineer that built an engine powered by steam that could pump water from mines three times as quickly as previous engines. Though he was not the inventor of the steam engine he made improvements that made the steam engine much more useful and impactful. This steam engine was more cost effective than the other engines and was one of the greatest achievements of the Industrial Revolution. Watt converted steam back to water and this idea spurred from when he was trying to fix an engine of the popular brand Newcomen at the time and the steam waste kept going into his face. He realized this steam engine was not close to effective as he could make it and designed a new chamber on the engine that greatly prevented loss of steam. Now these steam engines were also used for cotton mills across Europe. Through Watts work he was inducted as a fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh and the Royal Society of London.

Below is a picture of the steam engine Watt invented and proved to be a major component of the Industrial Revolution.

Henry Cort

Henry Cort from England developed a system called puddling. This burned away impurities from the iron that made the iron much more valuable. This created a boom in England's iron industry. In 1740, England created 17,000 tons of iron. 100 years later that number changed to 2 million tons of iron. He also created "grooved rollers" that was known to produce iron bars more quickly than hammering or cutting the iron. Because of Corts inventions, England's iron production quadrupled in the next 20 years. A big mistake Cort made was when he partnered with Samuel Jellicoe who Father embezzled money. Cort has to pay back the embezzled money and his patents were taken away. When other people patented his idea, Cort was left with basically nothing. Though a sad ending for Cort, his ideas were very impactful of to the Industrial Revolution and England.

Richard Trevithick and George Stephenson

From England, pioneered the first steam- powered locomotive on an industrial rail line in southern Wales. It pulled 10 tons of ore and seventy people at 5 miles per hour. Trevithick pioneered the first steam-powered locomotive but George Stephenson and his son made a better quality locomotive that proved superior. Stephenson's locomotive "Rocket" was used on the first public railway line in 1830.

Below is the picture of George and Robert Stephenson. They both created "Rocket" which was which was used on the first public railway line.

Thomas Edison and Joseph Swan

Both developed the light bulb. One of the most influential and impactful inventions of the Industrial Revolution and all of history. The lightbulb allowed homes and streets to be illuminated. Factories also greatly benefitted from this, with conveyor belts, machines, etc. now being able to be powered. Thomas Edison had a record 1,093 patrons and is known as the "Wizard of Wenlo Park". Swan was actually the first to show a lightbulb that actually worked and when he patented his idea, it was so influential that Thomas Edison merged with Swan to both be credited with the creation of the lightbulb. The creation of the lightbulb is still today on of the most impactful invention of all time.

Alexander Graham Bell

Inventor of the telephone. Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone in 1876. He taught at a school for deaf children and tried to help them learn to speak. This whole time he the idea of the telephone sprang into his head. “Mr. Watson come here I want to see you.” Alexander grew up in a family full of businessman but really wanted to follow his passion. After many difficult court appearances and arguments, Bell was finally able to patent his invention and be credited with one of the most important inventions of all time.

Below is a picture of Alexander Graham Bell speaking into his invention, the telephone.

Henry Ford

American, Henry Ford revolutionized the automotive industry with the mass production of the Model T. In 1900, the world production of cars was 9,000 and by 1916 735,000 cars were produced. Ford would also pay his workers 5 dollars a day which today is over 100 dollars so that he would get the most skilled and hardest workers. He also was a key advocate for the assembly line of mass production. This method was big in producing many cars at one time. The creation of the Model T boosted a very fragile American economy at the time and Ford is credited with not only an amazing invention but also has a very intelligent and respected businessman.

Below is a picture of Henry Fords Model T

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