Agriculture Project By: Natalie Langston

  • What was the first Agricultural Revolution? The first agricultural revolution was the Neolithic Revolution it occurred in the 8,000 BCE. People discovered how to farm, how to grow food sources, people becoming more reliable on storing their food, and being able to settle down and establish permanent settlements near their food. This revolution changed people's lives because before farming they used to hunt wild animals and would gather wild plants and once the supplies ran out they would move on, now they live in a settled area and grow crops.
  • What was the second Agricultural Revolution? The second agricultural revolution was the Industrial Revolution. It was based on a greater use of technology and improvements of agricultural surpluses. Technological changes started during the 1600s in Western Europe and it spread into North America by the 1800s. They began with new methods like better crop rotation and better horse collars.
  • What was the Third Agricultural Revolution? This revolution is known as the Green Revolution, This revolution began in the 1940s, 1950s hybrid seeds and fertilizers were invented and it increased crop output dramatically scientists found new hybrid strains of wheat, rice and maize that were capable of producing more food at a faster rate. Scientists also developed new fertilizers and pesticides that supported higher yielding seeds.
  • What are Genetically Modified Organisms? It's a process where genes from the DNA of one species are extracted and artificially forced into the genes of animals or unrelated plants. Genetically Modified Organisms change farming by reducing the use of pesticides. The pros of GMOs are resistance to insects, tolerance to herbicides, and crop yield and tolerance for heat, cold or drought. The cons for GMOs are allergies, cancer and antibiotic resistance.
  • The difference between subsistence, sustainable, and commercial farming? Commercial farming is when crops are grown and animals are reared for sale on the market. Subsistence farming in when people only grow enough food to survive. Sustainable farming is the production of food fiber or other plant or animal products using farming techniques.
  • Four fun facts on agriculture
  • Fruit farming began sometime between 6000 and 3000 B.C.
  • There are around 2.2 million farms in the United States.
  • In 2012, U.S. farms and ranches spent $329 billion to produce $388 billion in goods.
  • Bees contribute to more than $15 billion worth of crops every year through pollination.

Credits:

Created with images by Barescar90 - "wheat cereal agriculture" • foto3116 - "rows" • kaschpi - "agriculture combine harvester vehicle" • C. K. Hartman - "Working a Summer Fallow Field"

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