Culture of War-Vietnam By:Maddy Bender

Values/Belifs

The Americans were way in over their heads because they had never fought in extreme heat, humidity and lots of rain storms. Also, the Vietcong hand many underground tunnels all around the battle field. The Vietcong's had the advantage point because this was their home turf and they know what the conditions are going to be and where all their underground tunnels go. When the U.S. got involved in the war their goal was to "the U.S. goal was to assist South Vietnam in its "contest against the externally directed and supported communist conspiracy." U.S. policy defined the Vietnam War as North Vietnamese aggression against South Vietnam."(The Military and Diplomatic Course of the Vietnam War.”).

“The Military and Diplomatic Course of the Vietnam War.” The Military and Diplomatic Course of the Vietnam War, www.english.illinois.edu/maps/vietnam/anderson.htm. Accessed 29 Apr. 2017.

Tactics

The Americans tactics in the war were to "They fought a hi-tech war, using B52 bombers, artillery, helicopters, napalm and defoliants (Agent Orange).(“BBC - GCSE Bitesize: Vietcong and American Tactics.”) But none of the tactics could stop the Vietcong guerrillas. The Americans also has a search and destroy team. The search and destory team called the Vietcong "Charlie" as their code word.

“BBC - GCSE Bitesize: Vietcong and American Tactics.” BBC News, BBC, www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/mwh/vietnam/thewarinvietnamrev2.shtml. Accessed 29 Apr. 2017.

Homefront

The Americans Home front is the U.S. because that is where they lived before they went to war against the Vietnamese. The draft is also part of the home-front. The draft is pretty much a lottery so if you are 20 and you are picked you have to fight and if they do not have enough 20 year olds then they move on to 22,23,24,and 25.

News, ABC. “What Is the Draft and How Does It Work?” ABC News, ABC News Network, 23 June 2005, abcnews.go.com/Politics/story?id=875907. Accessed 3 May 2017.

Music

The music during the Vietnam war was Rock'N'Roll. Rock'N'Roll was a big hit during the Vietnam War because it was antiwar music. This music impacted mostly the 18 year old because they were the ones being drafted to go to the war. The people getting drafted didn't want to go to war because they didn't see the U.S. winning in the future so they thought it was pointless to go to war,

“ESSENTIAL QUESTION.” TeachRock, teachrock.org/lesson/youth-mass-culture-and-protest-the-rise-and-impact-of-1960s-antiwar-music/. Accessed 29 Apr. 2017.

Propaganda

The U.S. propaganda was to encourage the North Vietnamese priest that freedom of worship and the only way to do that was to escape the South. The propagandas goal was to "The goal was to create an atmosphere that enabled the U.S. to proceed in Vietnam as it saw necessary."Untitled Document.” Untitled Document, www.mtholyoke.edu/courses/rschwart/clio/katharine/final/vietnamprop.html. Accessed 30 Apr. 2017.

http://vc.bridgew.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1092&context=honors_proj

Protests

There were many Anti-war protest during the war. Many people at the age of 18 started and partook in these protest because they were the ones being inpact. The 18 year olds were the ones who were being drafted and they didn't want to go to war because they knew that we were not going to win.

History.com Staff. “Vietnam War Protests.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 2010, www.history.com/topics/vietnam-war/vietnam-war-protests. Accessed 30 Apr. 2017.

Media

Media during the war not only did they have the soldiers fighting the war all over the tv. But, they also had all these posters about the war and what was happening. They also had pictures of all the people who were killed during the war.

Websites, Open. “Media Coverage of the Vietnam War.” Media Coverage of the Vietnam War | Open Websites, ows.edb.utexas.edu/site/reimagining-vietnam-war/media-coverage-vietnam-war. Accessed 30 Apr. 2017.

Economics

The Vietnam War had many effects of the U.S. economey like "Factories that would have been producing consumer goods were being used to make items from the military, causing controversy over the government's handling of economic policy. In addition, the government's military spending caused several problems for the American economy. The funds were going overseas, which contributed to an imbalance in the balance of payments and a weak dollar, since no corresponding funds were returning to the country."(“Vietnam War and the American Economy.”)

“Vietnam War and the American Economy.” Vietnam War and the American Economy, www.historycentral.com/sixty/Economics/Vietnam.html. Accessed 30 Apr. 2017.

Government/Foreign policy

After seeing how the Vietnam War used the draft to its advantage the U.S. ended the use of the draft and started an all volunteer military. It also "First, the war increased caution about involvement in foreign affairs. After Vietnam, Americans more carefully weighed the risks of intruding in another nation's problems. Second, defeat in the war diminished American confidence in U.S. superiority, both moral and military. Defeat in Vietnam was a humiliating national experience."(“Foreign Policy, Vietnam War, and Watergate, The Impact of Vietnam.”)

“Foreign Policy, Vietnam War, and Watergate, The Impact of Vietnam.” The Impact of Vietnam - Foreign Policy, Vietnam War, and Watergate - History - USA - North America: Usa History, Kent State, Shattered Faith, First War, Foreign Policy, www.countriesquest.com/north_america/usa/history/foreign_policy_vietnam_war_and_watergate/the_impact_of_vietnam.htm. Accessed 30 Apr. 2017.

The Draft

The American draft, drafted about 2.2 million soldiers during the Vietnam War. Some of the people who got drafted and did not want to go to war they would "Some sought refuge in college or parental deferments; others intentionally failed aptitude tests or otherwise evaded; thousands fled to Canada; the politically connected sought refuge in the National Guard; and a growing number engaged in direct resistance." (“The Military Draft During the Vietnam War.”)

“The Military Draft During the Vietnam War.” Omeka RSS, michiganintheworld.history.lsa.umich.edu/antivietnamwar/exhibits/show/exhibit/draft_protests/the-military-draft-during-the-. Accessed 30 Apr. 2017.

Family Roles

The women had to start working and taking the roles of the men while they went to war. There were 11,000 women in the Vietnam War 90% of them were nurses. Some women at home suffered anxiety, loneliness, temporary loss of communication, and isolation. Others found comfort in alcohol, infidelity, and drugs.

Nguyen, Angela. “Women Roles during the Vietnam War.” Prezi.com, 14 May 2015, prezi.com/vilk9g7nqxjn/women-roles-during-the-vietnam-war/. Accessed 3 May 2017.

Re-intergation into socity

A lot of soldiers who came back had PTSD (post traumatic stress disorder).The american public who remained at home looked down on the soldiers because they were against the war. So that made is even harder for the american soldiers because they have to deal with all the people who were against them. Some soldiers all so had phantom pain which is when you get your leg amputated or blown off and your brain still thinks it is there.

dc.cod.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1384&context=essai.

Purpose

The purpose of the Vietnam War was to end communism and to stop the South of Vietnam of becoming a communist like the North. Ho Chi Minh was communist and lead the North. Also "The war began in 1954 (though conflict in the region stretched back to the mid-1940s), after the rise to power of Ho Chi Minh and his communist Viet Minh party in North Vietnam, and continued against the backdrop of an intense Cold War between two global superpowers: the United States and the Soviet Union." (“Vietnam War History.”).

History.com Staff. “Vietnam War History.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 2009, www.history.com/topics/vietnam-war/vietnam-war-history#. Accessed 3 May 2017.

Race Equality

The race equality against the blacks and the whites were treated the same. This was the first war where blacks and whites fought along side each other and shared the same head quarters. They also ate together and everything. But there where still raciest people who were fighting with them. Most of the raciest soldiers where from the south.

Gallagher, Brendan. “The Vietnam War and the Civil Rights Movement.” The Vietnam War and the Civil Rights Movement, www.americansc.org.uk/Online/Vietnam_Civil_Rights.htm. Accessed 3 May 2017.

Created By
Student Madalyn Bender
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