The Spinning Jenny was by invented by James Hargreaves. It allowed for spinners to produce yarn in greater quantities. This was perfected in 1768. This invention was important because it solved the problem of the shortage of yarn which was caused by the Flying shuttle.
The Loom was invented by Edmund Cartwright in 1787. It was powered by water which allowed for the weaving of cloth to catch up with the spinning of yarn. These were located next to rivers and streams and they were very important because it created and labor was organized collectively.
The Steam Engine was created by James Watt in the 1760s. It could pump water from mines three times as quickly as previous engines. This allowed for more coal to be taken out of the mines. The Steam Engine was important because it pushed the cotton industry to greater heights of productivity.
The rotary Engine was developed by James Watt in 1782. This engine turned a shaft which drove machinery. The rotary was important because Steam power could now be applied to spinning and weaving cotton. Powered by coal, these engines could be anywhere.
The first steam powered locomotive was invented in 1804 by Richard Trevithick. It was capable of pulling ten tons of cargo and seventy people at the same time. The steam locomotive could travel at a staggering five miles per hour. To put this great feat into perspective, the average walking speed of a human is 3.1 miles per hour. This was important because it eased transportation for many people as well as products.
Stephenson's rocket was built by George Stephenson and his son. It was the first public railway and it opened in 1830. This line was 32 miles and connected Liverpool to Manchester. The rocket sped off at the speed of 16 miles an hour. More than triple the steam powered locomotive. It's main business was carrying passengers. First class passengers were lucky enough to have a covering over their heads. Anybody else was left in the open cars.
Electricity was a major new form of energy that could be converted into other forms of energy such as light energy. The lightbulb was created by Thomas Edison and Joseph Swan. It allowed for homes and cities to be illuminated by electric lights for the first time. This was important because electricity allowed for all the countries to entere into an Industrial Age,
In 1878 Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone. This was very important because it revolutionized communications for the entire world.
In 1903 Orville and Wilbur Wright made the first flight in a fixed wing airplane. This of course revolutionized the aviation industry and would not only lead to passenger airlines but change warfare forever as well. This flight in particular lasted twelve seconds, flew over 120 feet, and traveled at a whopping 6.8 miles per hour. Barely visible to the naked eye.