Exploring Canada Danika Hall ~ Block B

British Columbia

Average summer temperature: 17.3°C

Average winter temperature: -0.8°C

Average yearly precipitation: 1072.2 mm

Birth rate: 44,495 per year

Death rate: 35,325 per year

Population: 4,751,612 (approximate)

Urban vs rural (% of population): 86% Urban 14% Rural

Physical attractions: Both the Coast and Rocky Mountains are excellent for hiking, skiing, snowboarding, and taking cave tours, among other unique activities. The Pacific Ocean is home to a variety of marine species that can be seen by snorkelling or scuba diving, and fishing is a common pastime as fish and crustaceans are plentiful. The multitude of lakes serve as locations for kayaking, canoeing, and swimming.

Points of interest: Whale watching boat tours are a fun way to explore the inhabitants of BC's neighbouring ocean. Stanley Park is an ideal location for a family picnic or a scenic walk. Whistler has many opportunities for outdoor activities as well as shopping in the village. The Capilano Suspension Bridge is a bucket-list item in the centre of a beautiful forest with every direction a breath-taking view, and the parliament buildings in Victoria are filled with rich history and incredible architecture.

Alberta

Average summer temperature: 17℃

Average winter temperature: -9.9℃

Average yearly precipitation: 427.7 mm

Birth rate: 58,035 per year

Death rate: 24,980 per year

Population: 4,252,900 (approximate)

Urban vs rural (% of population): 83% Urban 17% Rural

Physical attractions: Lake Louise is a well-known skiing destination and provides visitors with a chance at riding a sleigh across the snowy terrain. On the Rocky Mountains you can go mountaineering, ice climbing, or white-water rafting. The Columbia Icefield provides tourist with a once-in-a-lifetime excursion called a Glacier Adventure.

Points of interest: Banff and Jasper National Parks for their natural beauty, the Calgary Stampede to experience culture, the West Edmonton mall for a wide variety of shops and other forms of amusement, and the Dinosaur Provincial Park for a close-up look into the world of the ancient creatures that once roamed the Earth.

Saskatchewan

Average summer temperature: 17.8℃

Average winter temperature: -12.2℃

Average yearly precipitation: 429.8 mm

Birth rate: 15,969 per year

Death rate: 9,577 per year

Population: 1,150,600 (approximate)

Urban vs rural (% of population): 67% Urban 33% Rural

Physical attractions: Lake Athabasca which is perfect for sport fly-fishing, the Cypress Hills which is home to over 220 bird species alone, and the Saskatchewan River which is ideal for fishing walleye.

Points of interest: Western Development Museum which details the history of Saskatchewan, Wascana Centre Park with its beautifully landscaped gardens surrounding Wascana Lake, the Tunnels of Moose Jaw and their unique productions of Canadian history, the Royal Saskatchewan Museum which is the largest museum in the community, and the RCMP Heritage Centre with its musical virtual reality ride that submerses you in fascinating history.

Manitoba

Average summer temperature: 17.4℃

Average winter temperature: -15.2℃

Average yearly precipitation: 514.9 mm

Birth rate: 17,372 per year

Death rate: 10,676 per year

Population: 1,318,100 (approximate)

Urban vs rural (% of population): 72% Urban 28% Rural

Physical attractions: Lake Winnipeg which is the world's 10th largest freshwater lake, Baldy Mountain complete with hiking trails and an observation tower, and the Assiniboine River for fishing walleye, northern pike, and mooneye.

Points of interest: The Forks which is a historic market full of culture, the polar bears of Churchill, the Canadian Museum for Human Rights which is a national museum dedicated to the evolution and future of human rights, Grand Beach Provincial Park which has large white sand dunes and ancient beaches from the end of the last ice age, and the Icelandic Festival which is a unique way to experience the culture of the early civilizations in Manitoba.

Ontario

Average summer temperature: 19.3℃

Average winter temperature: -3.4℃

Average yearly precipitation: 876.7 mm

Birth rate: 147,244 per year

Death rate: 102,761 per year

Population: 13,983,000 (approximate)

Urban vs rural (% of population): 86% Urban 14% Rural

Physical attractions: The Great Lakes which have many beaches, camping and fishing opportunities, the Hudson Bay where you can occasionally find Beluga whales, and the Canadian Shield which is the ancient geological core of North America.

Points of interest: The Niagara Falls famed for their beauty and as a source of hydroelectric power, the CN Tower which formerly held the title of tallest free-standing building, Parliament Hill which is the political and cultural heart of Ottawa, the Royal Ontario Museum which is one of the largest museums in North America, and the National Gallery of Canada which is abundant in rich visual arts heritage.

Quebec

Average summer temperature: 16.9℃

Average winter temperature: -9.2℃

Average yearly precipitation: 949.4 mm

Birth rate: 86,850 per year

Death rate: 62,650 per year

Population: 8,326,100 (approximate)

Urban vs rural (% of population): 81% Urban 19% Rural

Physical attractions: The Appalachian Mountains which are a premier recreational attraction in North America, the Torngat Mountains which represent a strong connection to the Inuit spirit world, and James Bay which has many fishing and hunting resorts.

Points of interest: The historical Chateau Frontenac with its stunning architecture, the Plains of Abraham which was the site of a pivotal battle in the Seven Years War, the Notre-Dame Basilica which is rich in religious heritage, Montmorency Falls that have a yellow glow in the summer due to high iron content, and Place Jacques-Cartier which is an entrance into the Old Port of Montreal.

Newfoundland

Average summer temperature: 16℃

Average winter temperature: 0℃

Average yearly precipitation: 1,120 mm

Birth rate: 4,235 per year

Death rate: 5,069 per year

Population: 530,100 (approximate)

Urban vs rural (% of population): 59% Urban 41% Rural

Physical attractions: Fjords with astounding scenery, the Long Range Mountains that are great for hunting, and Grand Lake which is the largest lake in the province and is surrounded by peaceful, secluded campgrounds.

Points of interest: Battle Harbour which is a summer fishing station, Bonavista which is the historic site of John Cabot's first landing, Brigus where you can visit the former home of Captain Bob Bartlett, George Street which is known for its many bars, pubs, and restaurants, and the Fogo and Change Islands which are inspirational with their heritage and stunning landscapes.

New Brunswick

Average summer temperature: 18.2℃

Average winter temperature: -6.3℃

Average yearly precipitation: 1142.2 mm

Birth rate: 6,718 per year

Death rate: 7,036 per year

Population: 756,800 (approximate)

Urban vs rural (% of population) 53% Urban 48% Rural

Physical attractions: The Bay of Fundy which is home to the world's highest tides and rarest whales, St. John River which is known for its Reversing Rapids, and the Miramichi River Valley which has world-class salmon fishing.

Points of interest: Hopewell Rocks which are unique rock formations caused by tidal erosion, St. Martins Sea Caves with their picturesque views and opportunities for exploration , the Acadian Historical Village full of information about the first French settlers in North America, the Roosevelt Campobello International Park which contains the house that used to be Franklin Roosevelt's summer home, and Kingsbrae Garden which has a variety of themed gardens and over 50,000 perennials.

Nova Scotia

Average summer temperature: 18.2℃

Average winter temperature: -16.3℃

Average yearly precipitation: 1387.5 mm

Birth rate: 8,670 per year

Death rate: 9,036 per year

Population: 949,500 (approximate)

Urban vs rural (% of population): 57% Urban 43% Rural

Physical attractions: Cape Breton Island with numerous trails and lookout points, Bras d’Or Lake which is ideal for sailing, and White Hill which is the highest elevation point in Nova Scotia.

Points of interest: Peggy’s Cove Lighthouse which is an iconic Canadian image, Halifax Citadel which is a national historic site, the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic full of maritime heritage, Halifax Public Gardens which are a Victorian era public gardens established in 1867, and Oak Island which holds buried treasure in booby-trapped tunnels.

Prince Edward Island

Average summer temperature: 19℃

Average winter temperature: -7℃

Average yearly precipitation: 1,180 mm

Birth rate: 1,306 per year

Death rate: 1,321 per year

Population: 148,600 (approximate)

Urban vs rural (% of population): 47% Urban 53% Rural

Physical attractions: The Bonshaw Hills which have over 18 km of hiking, Basin Head Provincial Park with its white sand beaches, and the deep red soil that is PEI's most striking feature.

Points of interest: Brackley Beach where you can rent vacation cottages, Confederation Trail which is excellent for cycling, Green Gables which is one of the most notable literary landmarks in Canada, St. Dunstan’s Basilica with intriguing stone architecture, and Victoria Row which is a cobblestone street lined with historic buildings that house restaurants, cafes, shops, and galleries.

Yukon Territory

Average summer temperature: 14.5℃

Average winter temperature: -21.1℃

Average yearly precipitation: 325.1 mm

Birth rate: 441 per year

Death rate: 234 per year

Population: 37,500 (approximate)

Urban vs rural (% of population) 61% Urban 39% Rural

Physical attractions: Mount Logan which is Canada's highest peak, Beaufort Sea which is home to abundant wildlife including Arctic char and Bowhead whales, and the Yukon River which has great conditions for canoeing, kayaking, or rafting.

Points of interest: Takhini Hot Springs with natural mineral water at a temperature of 47℃, the Yukon Wildlife Preserve which is a viewing facility for major species of Northern mammals, Miles Canyon which has many trails and a suspension bridge, the Macbride Museum which details the history of the Yukon, and Emerald Lake which is notable for its intense green colour.

Northwest Territories

Average summer temperatures: 14.6℃

Average winter temperatures: -25.5℃

Average yearly precipitation: 254.8 mm

Birth rate: 685 per year

Death rate: 233 per year

Population: 44,500 (approximate)

Urban vs rural (% of population) 83% Urban 17% Rural

Physical attractions: Great Slave Lake which is the deepest lake in North America, Great Bear Lake which is the largest lake in Canada, and Hay River which is perfect for fishing walleye, burbot, and northern pike.

Points of interest: Nahanni National Park which is home to the Naha Dehe river and its four canyons , the Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre which outlines the history of the Northwest Territories, Bush Pilot’s Monument which is dedicated to pilots and engineers who lost their lives flying over the NWT, the Cameron Falls Trail which is ideal for hiking and picnicking, and the Church of Our Lady of Good Hope which is a Gothic-style Roman Catholic church that overlooks the Mackenzie River.

Nunavut

Average summer temperature: 1.8℃

Average winter temperature: -31.3℃

Average yearly precipitation: 260.2 mm

Birth rate: 882 per year

Death rate: 174 per year

Population: 37,100 (approximate)

Urban vs rural (% of population): 48% Urban 52% Rural

Physical attractions: Ellesmere Island which is the third largest island in Canada, Barbeau Peak which is the highest mountain in the Canadian Arctic, and the Canadian Arctic Archipelago which is a group of a multitude of islands.

Points of interest: Nunatta Sunakkutaangit Museum which houses many Inuit artifacts, St. Jude’s Cathedral which the seat of the Diocese of the Arctic, Baffin Island which is the largest island in Canada, Apex Beach which is a popular spot for swimming and camping, and Sylvia Grinnell Territorial Park which has trails lined with information on the areas cultural heritage.

Credits:

Created with images by MindfulChar - "lake mountain sky" • tpsdave - "banff canada alberta" • ErikaWittlieb - "prairie hay bales sky" • guy_dugas - "grand beach lagoon lake winnipeg" • keijj44 - "waterfalls niagara falls canada" • DEZALB - "canada quebec old quebec" • kjpoleary - "whale humpback mammal" • Brian L Burke - "Moncton, New Brunswick, Canada." • joshuayswong - "lighthouse peggy's cove nova scotia" • werner22brigitte - "lighthouse beacon light" • Watson Lake - "Mountain Range" • madmack66 - "Looking over the Arctic Ocean" • subarcticmike - "predawn inukshuk & ice push"

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