Culture of War By: Gage Valdez

The Draft

The Draft of the Vietnam War was something everyone wanted to avoid. There was a few steps that people would take to not be drafted such as moving to another country or attending school. Once you turn 18 legally the government makes you register for the draft to war. Propaganda was often used to take attention away from the bloody war and point it towards the good points. Anyone could be drafted into the war no matter who you were. Muhammad Ali was a famous boxer who was drafted into the Vietnam war but refused on account of his religion. Anyone could be drafted even blacks because during this time the Civil rights movement was occurring and blacks had very little freedom.

Values and beliefs

People viewed the war before as unnecessary but before they did not know why our involvement in the war was so crucial. As the war went on they slowly begun to see the importance of the war and the US involvement. The way the war was displayed through the media,propaganda, and protests. As well as the music. The way the war was portrayed throughout the actions of their loved ones, close friends, and relatives also influenced the view of the war in others eyes. Caused many protest to end the US involvement in the war and withdrawal the troops back home to the families.

Family would sit down for dinner and turn on the TV to watch the war. This was called Dinner Table War.

Tactics

War tactics was one of the reasons why it kept the Vietcong's in the war against the South Vietnamese. The Vietcong's used a war tactic known as gorilla warfare, demonstrated during the Battle of Lexington. This gave the Vietcong's a winning chance because all though there was more troops to support the South Koreans they were not familiar with the Geography of the North Korea so there fore when they invaded the North they were pushed back to their side of the Demilitarized Zone. Tactics used by the US and South Korea was to campaign the war against the North and to recruit as many of the soldiers they could get to outnumber the enemy. They also used the geography of North Korea to position their own vehicles at vantage points over the invasion from the South and Soviets.

HomeFront

There wasn't just a fight across the world but, there was also a battle to be won back at home. In the US many protests out broke to end the war and for the US to with drawl from the war between North and South Korea. As much as the government attempted to sway the citizens in the US with propaganda, music, tv, and any other type of way they could think of. This is what we call a Homefront. During the draft many women lost their husbands so they protested the return of them and because all the men were gone children and women had to take on the duties of the average man. This struck an outrage between women and their idea of independence and their rights.

Music

Music in the 1960's was a huge contradictory of the wars pros and cons. This was a time when the idea of Peace and Hippy originated because of the war music was created about peace and whats wrong with the world. There was also multiple versions of music that pointed the view on the greatness of the war. Some music generated in this time period was "Give Peace a Chance" by John Lennon and "Goodnight Saigon" by Billy Joel.

Many of the songs during the time were taped on records and Played through a record player.
Many people listened to the radio as a way to hear about news or new music if they didn't have a record player.

Propaganda

Propaganda had its own affect on the Vietnam War as it does from today's society. Both sides of the war used propaganda to enlist their troops and to persuade their nation on the necessity of the war. The background is an example of the Vietcong propaganda. The United states although had drafted their troops they used propaganda to excite the men for the war and help the family's cope with knowing their husband or son could die.

This is an example of propaganda that the US government used against the troops that were drafted as a way to enlighten the fact that they are fighting for their lives.
This piece of propaganda is a very popular to the US during the time of war. This propaganda is known as Uncle Sam. Uncle Sam was used to encourage the citizens of the US government to register for the war instead of being drafted.

Protests

Protests were a big part in the Vietnam war and how the history behind the emotions of the citizens of both sides but protests for the war was not the only protest going on during this tragic time. Back in the US the protesting of the Civil rights for African Americans freedom took place. This is played a big role in the war as well because the blacks had no rights at the time but they were forced or drafted to risk their lives for the country that didn't accept them.

Media

Media Played an important part for the citizens back home. Although media wasn't updated as todays the people of this time did their best to make the best of what they had. The TV was a big area of distributing news. The men had left for work so this was a big time for women to become anchors on the news crew. The radio was also a big factor in distribution of the way the war was going and the way the civil rights had changed.

Economics

The United States faced the longest time time period of economic revolution in the history. This is the time that the economy busted very high because at the same time the US was spending millions in supporting the South Vietnamese in the war while still paying the men who served. This would have caused a rise in tax for the citizens so the US government could raise more money in case the South needed more to win the war.

Government/Foreign Policy

The United States government taxed the heck out of the citizens. Before the US ever got involved with another country and treaty they had to create a Foreign policy that determines how America conducts relations with other countries. It is designed to further certain goals. It seeks to assure America’s security and defense. It seeks the power to protect and project America’s national interests around the world.

Family Roles

Family had to make many changes in the way they lived during the Cold War. The 1960's was a time for change. The mother became the father of the family when the father was drafted into the war. This brought on a rise in feminism and women realizing their potential. This forced kids to loose their child hood and learn how they could help in providing for the family whether that meant food or money.

Re-Integration into Society

After the war many of the soldiers who experienced gun fire and seen horrible aspects of the war were diagnosed with PTSD (post traumatic stress disorder). This PTSD brought on many horrible things to those who had it. One who experienced war must experienced gun fire and being round it for so long scared them to return there after the war so even the slightest nice that sounded lick gun fire could set them off making them think they were back where they were.

Purpose

Purpose for the US involvement in the Cold war was for the protection of not just our country but every other country from the Communist of the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union was using the satellite countries and taking control of them the US had to help put an end to it before the Soviet took control of their nation.

Race Equality

Race Inequality was a big problem for the African Americans during the 1960's. The government didn't matter who they had for the war as long as they received the number of volunteers or drafted men to serve. During this time the Civil Rights Movement had been taking place and the war when whites and blacks had to work together was just another way the blacks used the government to win their rights that they deserved as stated in the constitution.

Created By
Student Gage Valdez Sauer
Appreciate

Credits:

Created with images by mabusalah - "washington vietnam veterans war" • Marine Corps Archives & Special Collections - "Gunner Billie Burcham, 20 June 1968" • manhhai - "1951 Vietnam War Propaganda Poster: Devastation Caused By Communism" • Charkrem - "Kremenak Family 1960" • manhhai - "Vietnam War - Fall of Saigon - Bà Kiều Mộng Thu, dân biểu Hạ viện, cùng với các dân biểu, nghị sĩ thuộc phe đối lập biểu tình ngồi chống chính phủ" • liberalmind1012 - "Hawaii TV 1965" • ResoluteSupportMedia - "091101-A-1211M-010" • snowpeak - "Waiting for the UFO to Land" • beije - "Landing" • Marine Corps Archives & Special Collections - "Communications, Operation Bold Mariner, 1969" • Fæ - "Indian woman demonstrating basket weaving, ca.1900 (CHS-4800)" • Michael 1952 - "SJSA Grade Six - The Year I Rebelled" • MIH83 - "background old fashioned music" • Gellinger - "music turntable nostalgia" • Skitterphoto - "radio vintage 1950s" • manhhai - "1951 Vietnam War Propaganda Poster - Trường Huấn-Luyện KHÔNG QUÂN VIỆT-NAM" • michal_hadassah - "1942_JHowardMiller_we_can_do_it" • DonkeyHotey - "Uncle Sam - Original Poster" • Wystan - "John Sinclair Freedom Rally program -- Ann Arbor, Michigan, December 10, 1971." • Osbornb - "Abbie Hoffman" • Seattle Municipal Archives - "Fair housing protest, 1964" • Mindy Fisher - "Mental Patients Against Stigma" • Archives New Zealand - "Walter Nash and Nikita Khrushchev 1960"

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