The 1920s was similar to a decade long party for the majority of the country. The economy was booming, people were finding wealth, having fun and relaxing in the security that these good times would last forever. Though, slight problems surfaced throughout the 1920s but were ignored. Once the stock market crashed, that signaled the economic decline that our country was about to face. The 1930s brought with it despair, unemployment, failed businesses and a complete contrast from the prospering decade before it.
Economic boom allows people to become rich
The Great Depression left people unemployed
Blacks face unfair economic treatment
Blacks Protest inequality in the economy
Farmers were left with a surplus of crops
Farmers had to sell their homes and belongings
During the 1920s the economy became consumer oriented which allowed for factories and business to strive. Plus, the stock market was soaring and everyone invested. Not much later, the market crashed and billions of dollars were lost. When the depression hit, businesses all over closed, forcing workers to be laid off. People had no money to buy goods, so stores had no consumers and shut down. President Hoover's efforts to pull the economy out of the depression were minimal. He was against direct relief and instead helped businesses, which provided little to no help. FDR's efforts through his “New Deal” did much more aid to those struggling. Despite his more affective attempts, the only thing to fully pull America out of this economic decline was a second world war. For African Americans, unfair treatment in the economy upheld itself as it did in the 1920s. They were the last hired and the first fired at their jobs and received less financial aid than whites. The farming economy was already in distress prior to the Depression. Crop prices were at a low, and many farms were foreclosed on. Then, with the Depression, their crop prices went even lower and more farms failed. And endless drought caused the Dust Bowl, which killed most of the crops, and ruined their homes. The farming economy was destroyed and most of them left to find a better job.
Families relax at home listening to radio programs
Citizens live in Hoovervilles
Blacks face segregation at home
African Americans face challenges
Farmers are forced to sell
Dust bowl strikes the Great Plains
In cities during the 1920s, where the majority of the population lived, people felt optimistic as success and wealth was gained. When the Depression hit, the country was faced with severe poverty. Workers were fired and no longer able to support their family. They lost their homes and had to sell their belongings. The working and middle classes adjusted to this standard of living. Preserving meals and making their own clothes were ways these families “made do.” Poorer families lived in communities called Hoovervilles. They made unsanitary homes out of scraps of various materials. Families commonly visited soup kitchens to get a meal, yet many still starved. The wealthy portion of society ignored the Depression as their lives were unaffected. Life for African Americans during this time was full of challenges. They struggled similarly to the rest nation plus other conflicts. Throughout the Depression blacks continued to face intense discrimination and segregation. Farmers struggled during the 1920s as they fell into poverty due to the surplus of crops they had. Also during this time, farmers overused the land, breaking up the topsoil, allowing it to be easily picked up by wind. When the Depression came, farmers faced disaster with the occurrence of the Dust Bowl. Farms went into foreclosure, crops were destroyed, and some farmers fell ill and died. With almost nothing left but ruined farms and dust, farmers abandoned their land, taking the name as migrants, and left. Many took on “riding the rails” to look for better work opportunities.