Climate Change By Jovany quintanilla

Is climate change real?

With evidence supporting that there is an actual connection between human activity and global warming, therefore, climate change is a real concept. “As a result of increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide, global surface temperatures have increased by about one degree centigrade since 1880. The 10 warmest years ever recorded—with the exception of 1998—have occurred since 2000. 2014 was the warmest year ever recorded,” says John Horgan, a director of scientific writing at the Stevens Institute of Technology, from Scientific America. John also states that scientists could be wrong, however, with evidence showing that the last couple of years have been the warmest in history, global warming is not a hoax and should be handled. Often, politics argue that it's a sham and a lie but there is proof that the ice glaciers in the North and South poles are melting and that in the past century, oceans have increased in water by more than 7 inches according to Alina Bradford a contributor to modern science and health form LiveScience. The whole world is affected by these modern events of major hurricanes and storms that have become unnatural and dangerous. The main roots can be traced from 300+ years ago and to the very minute. Greenhouse gases is the main culprit.

What has been the main cause of Greenhouse Gases ?

The major gas in the greenhouse gases category is Carbon Dioxide (Co2). It creates holes in the ozone layer of the stratosphere, which is being released at an astounding rate due to human activity. Experts believe the burning of fossil fuels has been the main drive of global warming, according to Alina Bradford, author of “What is Global Warming ?” by LiveScience. Burning fossil fuels causes Co2 to get into atmosphere, which has been the fault of humans. When the Industrial Age came, it became the turn of the century in the United States. John Horgan, director of the Center for Science Writings at the Stevens Institute of Technology, says “the United States, historically, has been the biggest emitter of carbon dioxide and hence bears the greatest responsibility for climate change,” (Scientific American). Whether it is the United States fault or not, the advancement of humankind is unavoidable and finding solutions to resolve the issue should be the task at hand because there is negative side affects on the Earth.

How have these gases affected the Earth ?

Every action done, big or small, that has to do with electronics or transportation has an impact on the environment. These activities are called carbon footprints, it is the CO2 that is released in the air from human activity like charging laptops and phones as explained by PICSClimateINsights on Youtube. A carbon footprint can be traced even to from where the food you buy comes from; the further it came from, the more carbon dioxide was released in the air via planes, tsd caused by the changing climate,” (Justin Gillis, The New York Times). This in terms will cause the ocean to increase and flood coastal cities all over the world and cause many natural disasters. This is obviously is a future that humankind would want to avoid and something that humans could find a solution to.

What can be done to fix the issue ?

Many environmentalists and experts believe boycotting big fossil fueled companies and planting trees in great amounts will reduce greenhouse gases. In fact, the Pakistan International press interviews the Prime Minister of Pakistan, Mohammad Nawaz Sharif, statin "climate experts and scientists have agreed that forests hold key to tackle the extreme weather impacts and events in shape of destructive floods, heat waves, shifting rainfall patterns, droughts, which have shown constant rise in frequency and intensity," (Proquest). Humans have only been around for about 200,000 years compared to the Earth existing for 4.5 billion years, one thing that humans used was the natural resources of the Earth including trees. The Earth has survived 4.5 billion years because of trees taking in CO2; however, humans have obviously deforested many areas to form our modern day Earth. This leads into the industrial age and how human activity has increased CO2 in the air. Boycotting gas and oil companies into increasing prices so that the population doesn’t burn fossil fuels at such a high rate and to convince the rich (governments, rich capitalists, big companies) to use their money and power to try and invest it to make a positive impact in the environment, according to Jeffrey F. Pitts and Christina Leijonhufvud from the Social Research. These are things that a large group can do to help the cause, but even the smallest amount of help or support can be the most powerful and affective.

What could the everyday American do to help ?

Surprisingly, America is the biggest emitter of carbon dioxide (Co2), for this reason Americans are just as accountable, so keeping track of your carbon footprint and growing some green can be a key to helping make a positive significance in the environment. According to PICSClimateInSights on Youtube, your carbon footprint can be traced from what you do when you sleep to what you eat. Leaving lights, technology, and phones charging on all night is something that can be prevented; as well as where your produce comes from because the further the distance, the more Co2 was released into air. Growing vegetation such as tree is equally something you could do. The Pakistan Press International talks to Prime Minister Mohammad Nawaz Sharif believing that ever since the Industrial Revolution, humans have contributed to not just Co2, but methane and monoxide gases and other greenhouse gases that traps heat which has ties to why the Earth has been the warmest in the last 4 years. He also mentions that instead of deforesting rural areas, which is making natural disasters worse, to plant trees instead because trees provide not just oxygen to the atmosphere but taking in the Co2 that is in the air which is 62% of the term “greenhouse gases”. All in all, if everyone individually could take more responsibility to take care of the environment, the Earth and its people will live on for generations to come.

Glossary

Pessimism- A manner to go against someone’s ideas and thoughts.

Optimism - Being confident in responses and self belief.

Buoys - a type of naval vessel used possibly as a work boat.

Greenhouse Gases - Gases in the air like CO2 that creates an O-zone in the atmosphere, which lets UVA sunlight hit the earth.

Economic - The money that goes in and out of a country.

Deforestation - The removal of trees or a forest being destroyed.

Anthropogenic - A damage done to earth like pollution and burning fossil fuels.

Carbon Dioxide (Co2) - Compound gas that is released into the air when fossil fuels are burned

Fossil Fuels - A natural fuel source that was formed from old organisms

Carbon Footprint - The amount of Co2 that is being released into the air but a certain person or thing

Created By
Jovany Quintanilla
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Credits:

Created with images by eutrophication&hypoxia - "Deforestation" • byrev - "pollution smoke stack" • allyartist - "dark sky weather climate change" • cwizner - "pollution smokestack industrial" • paulbr75 - "pumping gas fuel pump" • Orin Zebest - "Global Warming Tote Bag" • tejvanphotos - "Oxford Flood" • {studiobeerhorst}-bbmarie - "Man planting a tree painting study" • tpsdave - "forest trees woods" • freestock.ca ♡ dare to share beauty - "Solar Sentinel of Point Reyes - HDR" • fortmyersfl - "2016" • Unsplash - "life beauty scene"

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