2016 Religious Architecture Blog Madeline Schafer 3b

The first place I went to was the Konark Sun Temple in Odisha, India. This temple is very sacred to the Hindu religion. The name "Konark" comes from the words Kona, (which means corner) and Arka, (which means sun). In 1243 AD, King Narasimhadeva, with the help of about 1200 artisans, designed and built this temple in the form of a decorated chariot mounted on 24 wheels. The architecture is very special, because each wheel acts as an accurate sundial. This temple is known for worshiping Lord Surya, the Sun God.

The next place I went to was the gorgeous, Wat Arun Temple, located in Bangkok, Thailand. Wat Arun is short for "Wat Arun Ratchawararam Ratchaworamahawihan", a famous Buddhist temple. Wat Arun was named after Aruna, the Indian God of Dawn, giving the temple the nickname, “Temple of Dawn.” Wat Arun’s four corners are decorated by smaller prangs dedicated to the wind god, Phra Phai, and decorated by seashells and porcelain. The central prang (Khmer-style pagoda) stands at almost 80 meters tall, and this symbolizes Mount Meru – the legendary center of the universe.

Next, I headed over to Berlin, where I visited a temple called the New Synagogue. The temple was built in 1859, and opened in 1866. It was unfortunately destroyed in November of 1938, but rebuilt after that and reopened in 1991. Only one prayer room remains in use today, with mixed seating in the reformed Judaism tradition. The Synagogue was the project of Eduard Knoblauch who has gone down in history as the first successful private architect, but did not live to see his finished product. It is also known for its gorgeous ceiling which has hand-painted pictures and grand chandeliers.

The next destination I visited was the Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, France. The Notre Dame Cathedral is widely considered one of the finest examples of French Gothic architecture in the world.. The name Notre Dame means "Our Lady" in French, and is frequently used in the names of Catholic church buildings in Francophone countries. The Notre Dame Cathedral is known as the actual cathedral of the Catholic archdiocese of Paris. It is famous for it's gorgeous architecture, and has millions of visitors each year. The structure of the building contains two identical sides, each containing balconies and arches important for its special architecture.

The last place I went to was the Al-Masjid an-Nabawi Mosque in Saudi Arabia. This stands on the site of a mosque built by the Prophet Muhammad, and stands next to his house which contains his tomb. The Prophet's Mosque is the second holiest mosque in the world. It's architecture contains an open-air building with a raised platform for the reading of the Qur'an. This place is known for its gorgeous architecture and unique old and modern features containing many arches and high points.

Credits:

Created with images by skeeze - "world earth planet" • oldandsolo - "Konark Bird Park" • Achilli Family | Journeys - "Sun Temple, Konark (Konarak), Orissa, India" • Mike Prince - "Konark Sun Temple" • varun suresh - "sun temple" • Proxy Indian - "View of the Sun Temple" • lhirlimann - "Wat Arun by night, in bangkok Thailand" • jo.sau - "Arun Wat Temple" • Kumaravel - "Happy World Photography Day" • permanently scatterbrained - "the pinnacle of wat arun" • Kumaravel - "Wat Arun Budha" • @yakobusan Jakob Montrasio 孟亚柯 - "Wat Arun from afar." • Emmanuel Dyan - "New Synagogue, Szeged - Hungary" • Emmanuel Dyan - "New Synagogue, Szeged - Hungary" • sprklg - "untitled image" • Vikino - "new synagogue basket case history" • fusion-of-horizons - "untitled image" • ibolyka1 - "France, Paris-Cathedral Notre-Dame" • skeeze - "notre dame seine river paris" • manolofranco - "organ paris cathedral" • Lelê Breveglieri - "Notre Dame 6" • Ashley R. Photography - "IMG_2495" • Mohamod Fasil - "Al-Masjid an-Nabawi" • absolutraia - "Al Masjid Al Nabawi" • YoTuT - "Hassan II Mosque, Casablanca, Morocco" • absolutraia - "Al Masjid Al Nabawi" • absolutraia - "Al Masjid Al Nabawi" • Jorge Lascar - "Hassan II Mosque" • absolutraia - "Al Masjid Al Nabawi"

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