What is matter Sawyer Matthews

Matter

Matter is something that occupies space and possesses rest mass, especially as distinct from energy. matter can be pure substance or mixture.its solid, liquid, or a gas.

Pure Substance

Pure substance are defined as substances that are made of only one type of atom or only one type of molecule(a group of atoms bonded together). The measure of whether a substance is pure is known as purity.Example of pure substance is aluminum foil. Two types of pure substance is compound and element.

Element

An element is a substance consisting of atoms which all have the same number of protons - i.e. the same atomic number. Elements are chemically the simplest substances and hence cannot be broken down using chemical methods. A example of element is gold and silver.

Compound

A compound is a substance formed when two or more chemical elements are chemically bonded together. A example is salt it has two element sodium and chloride.

Salt is a example of a compound.

Mixture

A mixture is a material system made up of two or more different substances which are mixed but are not combined chemically. Two types of mixture are homogeneous and heterogeneous.

Homogeneous Mixture

Homogeneous mixture contains two or more substances that can be separated physically. Two types of mixture is homogeneous and heterogeneous mixtures. Some examples are toothpaste and mouthwash.

Gatorade is an example of homogeneous mixture.

Solution

A solution is a homogeneous mixture of particles so small they cannot be seen with a microscope and will never settle to the bottom of their container.

Heterogeneous Mixture

Heterogeneous mixture is one which different materials can be identified easily. A example would be vegetable oil mixed with water.

Cereal is an example of a heterogeneous mixture.

Suspension

A suspension is a heterogeneous mixture in which solute-like particles settle out of a solvent-like phase sometimes after their introduction. We apply the word 'suspension' when particles are big enough to eventually settle. If the particles are too small to ever settle, they are said to form a colloid.

Salad dressing is a suspension.

Colloid

A colloid is a type of mixture with particles that are larger than those in a solution but not heavy enough to settle to the bottom of their container.

Cheese is an example of a colloid
Classification of matter chart

Credits:

Created with images by Meditations - "abstract barbeque bbq" • michael_reuter - "The Periodic Table Of Irrational Nonsense" • JeepersMedia - "Gatorade" • lipefontes0 - "cheese breakfast food"

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