Canada's population had a major increase over the past 50 years, between 1966 and 2016 Canada's population had nearly doubled. If the population growth rate continues to increase as it has in the past we would have a high growth rate and a very populated country. However, since the birth rate is shown to be decreasing gradually every year, it’s predicted to be very low in the nearby future of 2050. This is most likely to occur due to the natural increase rate, because women are predicted to be more focused on their careers than having children. Since education and job rates are increasing for women there isn't enough time to take care of many children. It is evident that these events seem to strengthen year by year and impact our population increase significantly.
Not only is the birth rate decreasing but so is the death rate due to the average life expectancy, which is increasing for many people. Currently the life expectancy for males is 80 years and for females it’s 84 years. These numbers are most likely to increase over the years. On the other hand, there is also the large number of baby boomers who seem to be increasing the death rate and will continue to up until 2050. The increase is also due to the Canadians that are around the same age as the baby boomers.
Although, they’ve been expected to have a longer life expectancy since health care is being improved. Canada is likely to have a slowly decreasing population by 2050. Soon both the birth and death rate will become equal or at least close to, which will decrease the natural increase rate, since there won’t be enough births to supports the deaths. Therefore Canada will need to rely heavily on immigration.