Sarah Beth Brown Period 5

Throughout his life, Shakespeare has had many experiences in his personal life, acting, and writing.

As a child, and through his education, Shakespeare would have studied latin, a sign of intelligence of the time.

Shakespeare's personal life was full of very interesting experiences. ¨William attended grammar school, where he studied Latin grammar, Latin literature, and rhetoric (the uses of language)... he had no further education.¨ Historians believe that Shakespeare's knowledge of latin helped him come up with new words for his writing. When he was eighteen he married Anne Hathaway, a women eight years older than he. Shakespeare moved to London "Sometime after the birth of their second and third children (twins)..." Many think that Shakespeare was forced to marry Anne because he got her pregnant. However records show that it was common of women to be pregnant before marriage. Later in life, around 1597 he purchased one of Stratford's largest houses, New Place. Shakespeare's income may have helped with this "His income, from both the Chamberlain's Men and his share in the Globe, seems to have been excellent..." Records show that he may have lived separately from his wife and children.

The (New) Globe Theater

Shakespeare had some background when it came to acting and business. In 1599 Shakespeare became a partner in the ownership of the Globe Theater. Then in 1608, he became part owner of the Blackfriars theater. He retired in 1613 and returned to Stanford where he lived a comfortable retirement, even though never a wealthy man, "During the years Shakespeare performed with the Chamberlain's Men, before their purchase of the Globe in 1599, they played primarily at the well-established theatres like the Swan, the Curtain, and the Theatre. The troupe would also give regular performances before Elizabeth I and her court, and tour the surrounding areas of London. Some important events in Shakespeare's personal life also take place during this time period. The Shakespeares finally received a coat of arms 1596 (see "Shakespeare's Parents" for more information on the coat-of-arms), and on August 11 of the same year, Shakespeare's son, Hamnet, died at the age of eleven." Shakespeare's son death was a tragic point in his life, and many think that Hamlet was a product of this grief. Scholars think that Shakespeare's early plays are connected to many of the plays performed by a company called the Queen's Men, around 1587. "What is certain is that by 1594 Shakespeare was a sharer in the Lord Chamberlain’s Men. As a sharer, Shakespeare was a stockholder in the company and entitled to a share in the company’s profits." Around 1613, retired and came back to Stanford. "He undoubtedly enjoyed a comfortable living throughout his career and in retirement, although he was never a wealthy man."

Shakespeare's Hamlet was one of his first tragic plays.

Shakespeare was most powerful playwright of the London company, "He was the chief playwright of the most powerful London company. All his early rivals had disappeared long ago, and against the new dramatists..." Shakespeare was a hit back then, no one could compare to his plays. Since "From mid-1592 to 1594, London authorities frequently closed the theaters because of repeated outbreaks of plague..." Shakespeare turned to poetry to get the income that came with acting and playwriting. Then, "In 1593, Venus and Adonis became the first of Shakespeare’s works to be published." Shakespeare not only was talented at writing plays, when he had to turn is skills elsewhere, he did well. Shakespeare started writing tragedies around 1600 with Hamlet. After that it was the The Merry Wives of Windsor which was written in response to the Queen's request, and other well known plays such as "...Troilus and Cressida, All's Well That Ends Well, Measure for Measure, Othello, King Lear, Macbeth, Antony and Cleopatra, Coriolanus, and Timon of Athens (the last may have been partially written by Thomas Middleton )." Historians have questioned Shakespeare's authorship before and this is one of the cases where it may have been co-written. Shakespeare's lost years are first 1578-82 and second 1585-92. The first time was after he left school until his marriage to Anne Hathaway in 1582. However there is the question of what he was doing during "The second period... of Shakespeare's life in which he must have been perfecting his dramatic skills and collecting sources for the plots of his plays." Scholars disagree on this though, with others believing that he was with his family, or hiding out for some reason.

Credits:

Created with images by tonynetone - "William Shakespeare" • MelSi - "holy scripture bible old" • Fran Devinney - "The Globe Theater" • Dave Hamster - "Hamlet"

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