Acts 7 - the martyrdom of Stephen
Acts 7:54-58 - When they heard this, they were furious and gnashed their teeth at him. But Stephen, full of the Holy Spirit, looked up to heaven and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing at the right hand of God. “Look,” he said, “I see heaven open and the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God.”
At this they covered their ears and, yelling at the top of their voices, they all rushed at him, dragged him out of the city and began to stone him. Meanwhile, the witnesses laid their clothes at the feet of a young man named Saul.
Acts 8 - the Church is persecuted and scattered
Acts 8:1-3 - On that day a great persecution broke out against the church at Jerusalem, and all except the apostles were scattered throughout Judea and Samaria. Godly men buried Stephen and mourned deeply for him. But Saul began to destroy the church. Going from house to house, he dragged off men and women and put them in prison.
Paul the Missionary
Acts 9:15 - But the Lord said to Ananias, “Go! This man [Paul] is my chosen instrument to carry my name before the Gentiles and their kings and before the people of Israel.
Key moments: Acts 16:6-10; 23:11
Paul's missionary experience
2 Corinthians 6:4-10
Rather, as servants of God we commend ourselves in every way: in great endurance; in troubles, hardships and distresses; in beatings, imprisonments and riots; in hard work, sleepless nights and hunger; in purity, understanding, patience and kindness; in the Holy Spirit and in sincere love; in truthful speech and in the power of God; with weapons of righteousness in the right hand and in the left; through glory and dishonor, bad report and good report; genuine, yet regarded as impostors; known, yet regarded as unknown; dying, and yet we live on; beaten, and yet not killed; sorrowful, yet always rejoicing; poor, yet making many rich; having nothing, and yet possessing everything.
Connect a story or writing from Paul's life to one of the words in italics above.
Polycarp (69-155) burned at the stake
When persecution broke out in 156 every attempt was made to get him to recant his faith in the “cult” of Jesus. “Why, what harm is there in saying, ‘Caesar is Lord’ and offering incense and saving yourself,” the officials continued pleading, “Swear by the divinity of Caesar; repent and say, ‘Away with the atheists’…Take the oath and I will let you go.” Polycarp was unshakable, then uttered the words that will forever be associated with his name: “For eighty-six years I have been his servant, and he has never done me wrong; how can I blaspheme my king who saved me?” (Tucker, p. 32). He was burnt at the stake for refusing to deny his Lord.
The legacy of Saint Patrick
1,000's of baptisms, 100's of churches planted, missionary and educational centers set up throughout Ireland
Thomas Cahill, author: "Patrick is responsible for ending Irish slavery, reducing intertribal wars and crime, establishing convents and monasteries, and reminding the Irish people that they all can live an honest, pious life without war and bloodshed."
- Briget of Kildare - missionary, church and school founder
- Columba of Iona - evangelized Scotland; copied and distributed God's Word in mass; died copying one of the Psalms
The Irish saved Western civilization. (Thomas Cahill) At a time when German barbarians were destroying Roman cities and culture, the Irish monks were preserving and passing on literature, education and most importantly, the Bible.
In 595 AD, Pope Gregory the Great sent Augustine to convert the Anglo-saxons to Christianity. Augustine received favor and protection from the king, while Christianity spread.
St Augustine’s Abbey became one of the most important Benedictine monasteries in the medieval world, and was a thriving centre of learning and culture for almost 1,000 years before its suppresstion in 1538. It is the burial place of several Anglo-Saxon kings and Archbishops of Canterbury, including St Augustine himself, and today forms part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site. See source
Boniface (675-754 AD)
English Benedictine monk, missionary to Friesland (northern Netherlands) and Germany (722 AD)
He destroyed pagan shrines, established churches and baptized thousands.
He was equally zealous in his mission against paganism. At Geismar, he found a huge sacred oak tree, a shrine to Thor. He immediately took an axe to it. After only a few blows, the tree toppled to the ground, breaking into four pieces and revealing itself to be rotted away from within.
"A great throng of pagans who were there cursed him bitterly among themselves because he was the enemy of their gods," wrote Boniface's biographer, Willibald. "When the pagans who had cursed saw this, they [stopped] cursing and, believing, blessed God." Boniface used the oak to build a chapel, which became the center of his new monastery. Source
He was slaughtered by pagan raiders, defending himself with only the book in his hands.
St. Francis of Assisi (1181-1226 AD)
Called to monastic living and service with three emphases:
- (1) bringing renewal to the church
- (2) caring for the poor
- (3) imitating Christ in simplicity and voluntary poverty.
In 1219, St. Francis went with the Crusaders to Egypt. He walked across enemy lines and met with the Egyptian sultan and shared the Gospel. He continued his missionary work among Muslims in Syria, Jerusalem, Antioch and Acre.
“He presented a Trinitarian God; an incarnate Christ who was crucified, buried and risen; and a Holy Spirit that made the virgin birth of Christ possible, and he called for his Muslim listeners to repent and believe this message.” Source
“Lessons on mission from Francis of Assisi begin with the fact that suffering should be expected and accepted as part of God’s plan.” Source
Ramon Lull (1232-1315 AD)
first western missionary to the Muslims
- wealthy Spaniard who left position and family to be a missionary
- He developed a three-point plan to reach Muslims. First, he needed to learn Arabic and other languages used by Muslims. Second, he studied Islamic literature in order to develop a Christian apologetic in response to Muslim arguments. Third, he desired to give his life as a martyr among the Muslims.
- Went to Tunis, Tunisa and Bugia, Algeria (eventually martyred in Bugia)
Lull wrote, “It is my belief, O Christ, that the conquest of the Holy Land should be attempted in no other way than as Thou and Thy apostles undertook to accomplish it – by love, by prayer, by tears, and the offering up of our own lives.”
John Wycliffe (1324-1384)
Produced the first Bible in English (translated from the Vulgate - 4th century Latin)
He declared that the Bible was the highest authority for every Christian and the standard for faith and perfection. Source
In 1376 Wycliffe wrote On Civil Dominion, in which he said, “England belongs to no pope. The pope is but a man, subject to sin; but Christ is the Lord of lords, and this kingdom is held directly and solely of Christ alone.” Source
Martin Luther (1483-1546)
German professor of theology, monk and priest
Nailed 95 theses to the Wittenberg Castle church door in 1517.
Salvation is a free gift of God's grace that comes by faith. Famous "Reformation text" - Romans 1:17
He translated the Bible into the German vernacular.
He married a former nun.
Find your direction
Need, Sphere, Geography
The Christian Magna Charta, YWAM leaders 1981
Everyone on earth has the right to:
• Hear and understand the gospel of Jesus Christ.
• Have a Bible available in their own language.
• Have a Christian fellowship available nearby, to be able to meet for fellowship regularly each week, and to have Biblical teaching and worship with others in the Body of Christ.
• Have a Christian education available for their children.
• Have the basic necessities of life: food, water, clothing, shelter and health care.
• Lead a productive life of fulfillment spiritually, mentally, socially, emotionally, and physically.
Which need do you gravitate toward?
Created with images by Nik Shuliahin - "untitled image" • PublicDomainPictures - "michelangelo abstract boy" • Benny Jackson - "From above." • Darwin Vegher - "untitled image" • NASA - "untitled image" • Louisa Potter - "untitled image" • Martin Adams - "untitled image" • pixel2013 - "book star open book" • Benjamin Grull - "untitled image" • mauro mora - "Crosswalk in long-exposure" • Bank Phrom - "Solar Eclipse 2017" • TheAndrasBarta - "world europe map connections network continent travel" • rliessum - "western wall jerusalem jews pray orthodox holy" • qimono - "question mark knowledge question" • MAKY_OREL - "the catacombs cellar the underground middle ages" • Jez Timms - "Spotlight in a cave" • Mike Kenneally - "Rock Of Cashel, Ireland" • bodsa - "whitby abbey ruins history england church old" • Momentmal - "monastery mountain top" • laterjay - "monk garden statuary" • Ali Arif Soydaş - "untitled image" • albersHeinemann - "travel sculpture statue" • Hans - "fire flame barbecue charcoal carbon hot burn" • Patrice_Audet - "press gutenberg printing house paper print out" • PublicDomainPictures - "chains feet sand bondage prison freedom punishment" • falco - "martin luther protestant statue monument figure reformation" • photosforyou - "zurich historic center churches" • Veytaux - "lake geneva lutry lake" • Paul Hanaoka - "untitled image" • Heidi Sandstrom. - "untitled image" • Heidi Sandstrom. - "untitled image" • Heidi Sandstrom. - "untitled image" • stokpic - "hands world map global earth globe blue"