Civil Right Terms Cameron Flaherty, Jonah Smith

Dred Scott Decision 1857

Dred Scott was a slave who travelled to the North and tried to claim freedom because he was in a free state. Judge Roger Tanney argued that his master still had ownership and that Dred Scott was not a citizen.

Emancipation Proclamation 1863

An order by Abe Lincoln that released all slaves in Confederate states. This order failed due to the Confederates declaring themselves as their own country.

The 13th Amendment, December 6, 1865

This amendment officially banned any form of slavery. This amendment was approved 27 out of 36 states and then was accepted in 1865.

14th amendment, July 9, 1868

This amendment addressed citizenship and equal rights. This amendment said that if you were born in the united states you could be an American Citizen.

15th Amendment, February 26, 1869

This amendment made it legal to give any man a vote. Even if he is of a different race or color.

Plessy vs. Ferguson 1892

incident in which African-American train passenger Homer Plessy refused to sit in a Jim Crow car, breaking a Louisiana law. The court ruled that separation of the train cars did not break an amendment and nearly made a distinction between whites and blacks. This rule was called Separate but Equal.

Brown Vs. Board of Education 1954

The case in which the supreme court ruled separated schools as unconstitutional. This allowed whites and blacks to go to school together.

Montgomery Bus Boycott 1956

This resulted in the court deciding that the segregation of buses is unconstitutional. Many blacks refused to take the bus and the supreme court found segregation unconstitutional

Little Rock Nine 1956

This was a group of nine students who attended Little Rock Central High. This was to Desegregate the segregated schools in Little Rock.

Sit-Ins 1960

a form of protest in which demonstrators occupy a place, refusing to leave until their demands are met. Many protesters just sat and were non-violent while having food and drinks thrown at them.

Ruby Bridges

She was one of the first black children to desegregate the all-white William Frantz Elementary School in Louisiana

Freedom Riders, May 4th, 1961

During this movement may people decided to protest in many different ways. The freedom riders

James Meredith, 1962

James Meredith was a student who applied and got accepted to University of Mississippi, but when the school learned his race they rejected bis application. The supreme court then ruled that he can attend. He was the first African American to attend a University.

I have a dream speech, august 28, 1963

This speech was given my Martin Luther King Jr. who was a civil rights activist and stood up for what he believed in.

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