The Spanish-American War By: Amy gardiner

Origins of war- The U.S. capitalizes on the Cuban struggle for independence from Spain in its hunger for expansionism.

Cuba had revolted against Spain in 1868.

In 1895, the U.S. saw an opportunity to expand its reputation globally by interceding and supporting Cuba in its resurgence of their fight for independence.

The battleship Maine exploded and sunk February 15, 1898 in Havana Harbor. There were 270 casualties.

The U.S. believed that they were attacked by Spain. This gave the U.S. the opportunity it looked for to attack Spain.

Later, an investigation suggested the explosion might have been accidental.

President McKinley calls for a ceasefire; Spain refuses. In April, McKinley asks Congress for a declaration of war. The Teller Amendment did two things: supported McKinley's call to war and promised that the U.S. would not annex Cuba.

Yellow Press (Yellow Journalism) uses sensational headlines to attract readers. Pulitzer and Hearst, publishers of the Journal and World newspapers in New York, promote national pride through war coverage.

Theodore Roosevelt and his Rough Riders charge up San Juan Hill in a major land battle.

Roosevelt had resigned as Secretary of the Navy to join a cavalry unit.

Roosevelt wanted to revitalize a sense of U.S. pride and nationalism.

The major naval battle in the war occurred in Manila Bay on May 1st. The U.S. navy in Manila Bay was under the command of Admiral George Dewey .

The whole war lasted only four months. 400 American soldiers died. In comparison, 620,000 American lives were lost in the Civil War only 35 years earlier.

Post war- U.S. acquires Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines. The Platt Amendment allows U.S. military "at will" intervention in Cuba and grants permanent use of Guantanamo Bay as a military base.

As a benefit of war, the U.S. improves trade through its acquisition of the islands, which created a gateway to shipping routes and foreign markets.

The Open Door Policy grants equal access to the U.S. for exports to Asia (China).

The U.S. had supported war to help Cuba gain its independence.

In gaining its own independence, the U.S. had fought British imperialism. The Spanish-American War fostered U.S. imperialism propelling the United States into its role as a leading world power in the 19th century.

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Amy Gardiner
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