The US Constitution 6 Guiding Principles

Introduction: The US Constitution is a written document filled with laws and amendments. An amendment is a change to the constitution. This website is made to explain the 6 guiding principles of the Constitution. It was written to give the government and people their respective rights. It was written September 17th, 1787. The six principles are below.


Federalism: Federalism is what divides power between states and federal government. First, Federalism is used to maintain the balance of power and split it up between states. In Article 1, Section 10, Clause 1, it states that powers denied states. That means the state can't print money. Lastly, Article 1, Section 9, Clause 5 denies congress. This basically means the government can't create state taxes.

Separation of Power

Separation of Power: Separation of Power is why the power is divided into 3 branches of government First, there are three branches: Judicial, Executive, and Legislative. They are separated so each branch deals with a certain part of the government. Next, one example of this is in Article 1, Section 3, Clause 6, which says the senate has sole power to try impeachment. This means the senate is the only one that can try to impeach the president. Lastly, in Article 2, Section 2, Clause 1, it says the president shall command the army and navy of the United States.

Checks and Balances

Checks and Balances: Checks and Balances is when each branch of government can limit the other two branches' government. An example is in Article 1, Section 2, Clause 5. This basically says the House of Representatives can impeach the president. Another example is that the Executive can limit Legislative or the other way around.

Popular Sovereignty

Popular Sovereignty: Popular Sovereignty why the people are in control. First, one example of it is "We the People" at the beginning of the Constitution. This is showing that all the people matter and showing importance of the people. Another example of Popular Sovereignty in the Constitution in the Preamble. When it says "We the People" it shows the people are in control

Limited Government: Limited government is that the government only has the power that the constitution gives it. An example of this is in the First Amendment, which says everyone has Freedom of Religion, Speech, and Press. This means everyone can be whatever Religion they belong to or believe in and everybody can speak their mind. Second, the Third Amendment states no soldier shall not move in without the owners permission.

Representative Government: Representative Government is where citizens elect representatives to make laws. One example of this is that people vote for a president every 4 years. Another example of this is Article 1, Section 2, Clause 1. This says that people vote the House of Representatives.


1. Why was the Constitution made?

2. When was it made?

3. What are the 6 Principles of the US Constitution?

4. If you could make an Amendment, what would it be and why?

5. Explain what Popular Sovereignty is and its purpose.

6. Do you believe that it is a good idea the people vote representatives? Why?


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