Anne Frank House
The Anne Frank House was referred to as "The Secret Annex" in Anne Frank's book. This building was going to be destroyed, but instead they saved and restored it after Anne Frank's Diary was published. The building was Otto Frank's buisness building that had a secret empty room for them to live in. The room is 16 feet 7 inches long, 6 feet 10 inches wide, and 9 feet 4 inches high. Along with Anne Frank's family, Hermann van Pels and his family were also being hidden there as well.
Amsterdam National Monument
The Amsterdam National Monument was opened on May 4, 1956 to honor and remember the causalties and victims of World War II. The Inscription on the pillar reads "Here, where the heart of the fatherland is, may this monument, which citizens carry in their heart, gaze at God's stars". Every year on May 4, they hold a special ceremony. It is 72 feet high and is made of white travertine stone. The monument took four years to build and has had two restorations.
- Marriage between Jews and subjects of the state of German or related blood are forbidden. Marriages nevertheless concluded are invalid, even if concluded abroad to circumvent the law. Annulment proceedings can be initiated only by the State Prosecutor.
- Extramarital intercourse between Jews and subjects of the state of German or related blood is forbidden.
- Jews may not employ in their household female subjects of the state of German or related blood who are under 45 years old.
- Jews are forbidden to fly the Reich or National flag or to display the Reich colors. They are, on the other hand, permitted to display the Jewish colors. The exercise of this right is protected by the State.
- Any person who violates the prohibition under I will be punished by a prison sentence with hard labor. A male who violates the prohibition under I will be punished with a prison sentence with or without hard labor. Any person violating the provisions under III or IV will be punished with a prison sentence of up to one year and a fine, or with one or the other of these penalties. The Reich Minister of the Interior, in coordination with the Deputy of the Führer and the Reich Minister of Justice, will issue the Legal and Administrative regulations required to implement and complete the Law. The Law takes effect on the day following promulgations except for III, which goes into force on January 1, 1936. Nuremberg, September 15, 1935 at the Reich Party Congress of Freedom.
The Nuremberg Laws were laws that took away rights from the Jewish people. They wanted to destroy the Jewish population and keep the German blood pure. Although many Jews were born in Germany, Nuremberg laws took away the Jewish people's citizenship and they were no longer considered German. They could not represent their country, they could not fly the national flag, and the could not marry who they wanted. The Nuremberg Laws took rights and freedom from Jews.
Propaganda is a form of media that is used to influence people to promote an idea or opinion. Several types of tactics can be used when creating propaganda. Propaganda can influence people using emotion, slogans, symbols, name calling, or pariotisom. Emotions are often played with or used to dehumanize the enemy. Although it can be seen and used by everyday people to promote a variety of ideas, propaganda is often used by the government to recruite people to join or support the army. It is also often used during times of war, to influence more people to see the enemy as something they need to help destroy. During the time of Anne Frank, the governement controlled newspapers and continued to publish terrible articles about the Jews to make the society think that people should only have pure German blood. They also made the Jews wear a special symbol that "warned" everyone that they were Jewish or had Jewish blood. People also created posters that viewed the Jews as evil people, made fun of Jews, or helped recruite people for the war.
Peter van Pels
Peter van Pels was born on November 8, 1926 in Osnabrück. When Peter and his family go into hiding with the Franks, Peter is almost 16 years old. Peter brings his cat with him into hiding. Peter is serious, but eventually becomes friends with Anne. When the Franks and the van Pels are discovered, Peter is sent to Auschwitz, one of the concentration camps. Unfortunately Peter is sent to Mauthausen, another concentration camp on January 25, 1945. Peter dies of illness on May 10, 1945 at the age of 18.
Otto Frank was born on May 12, 1889 in Frankfurt. In August 1915, Otto was drafted into the German army and is promoted to lieutenant in 1917. Otto marries Edith Holländer and has two children; Margot is born in 1926 and Anne in 1929. In September 1933, Otto sets up and becomes the director of the Opekta company. When Jews were not allowed to own businesses, Otto made Mr Kleiman and Mr Kugler directors. Otto Frank brings his family into hiding in 1942. After returning home from the concentration camps, Otto gets Anne's diary publish in 1947 and dies on August 19, 1980.
Margot is on February 16, 1926 in Frankfurt. Margot starts school in 1932 at Ludwig Richter. In 1934 the Franks move to Amsterdam, and Margot starts school again. Margot has to go to Joods Lyceum, the "Jewish High School" in 1941. On July 5th, the day before the Franks go into hiding, Margot receives call up papers that require her to sign into a "work camp" in Germany. Margot is quiet and thoughtful, especially while in the secret annex. After the Franks are discovered in their hiding, Margot and Anne both get sent to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. In February of 1945, Margot dies of typhus at Bergen-Belsen.
Hermine Santrouschitz was born February 15, 1909 in Austria. In December of 1920, she comes to the Netherlands and lives with a foster family, who give her the name Miep. In 1924, Miep moves with her foster family to Amsterdam and starts working as secretary for Opekta company in 1933. Miep marries Jan Gies on July 16, 1941 and in 1942, she eagerly agrees to help the Franks go into hiding. While the Franks are in hiding, Miep would bring them food and supplies everyday. When the Franks were arrested, Miep was able to hide and save Anne's diary in her desk and returned it to Otto when he returned after the war with news of his family's death. Miep and Jan have a son named Paul on July 13, 1950 and Miep writes a book called Memories of Anne Frank. Jan Gies dies in 1993 and Miep dies January 11, 2010at the age of 100.
Act I Summary
Otto Frank returns to the secret annex, where Miep gives him Anne's Diary. Reading the diary, Otto has memories of when they were living in the annex. When the Franks and Van Daans move into the annex, strict rules are set up, food and supplies are limited, and the children continue their educational studies. When Dussel joins them in the annex, Anne has to share her room with Dussel and does not get along with him. Mr. and Mrs. Van Daan often fight and Dussel does not approve of Peter's cat, Mouschi. A theif heard them during their celebration of Hanukkah, when Peter fell off a chair.