Prime minister of Lebanon, Saad al-Hariri said that Lebanon is close to a "breaking point" because of the strains of 1.5 million Syrian refugees being hosted. Refugees from Syria make up one quarter of Lebanon's population. Most of these refugees live in extreme poverty. There are major tensions between these Syrian refugees and the citizens of Lebanon. Even though these tensions have not reached the point of violence, there is fear of civil unrest in the region.
Forced migration has been a familiar concept for those who live in the Middle East. Events such as the 1948 war that created Israel, the 1967 war that drove out Palestinian refugees, the Lebanese civil war in 1995, and the 1990 Iraqi invasion of Kuwait have forced people to leave their homelands. Today's refugee flow I'm the Middle East is larger than ever before. Over six million refugees have fled Syriaand another 10 million have been internally displaced. Many states have faced challenges in taking millions of refugees. A workshop started by George Washington University and the Middle East studies program at the University of Southern California studied the Middle East refugee situation. One take away from their research was that borders should be seen as filters instead of walls. Middle Eastern borders should be understood as a filter for people, goods, services, and weapons instead of a solid border.
King Abdullah II of Jordan has taken in over a million Syrian refugees into his country. Jordan's population has increased by 20%. President Trump however, has had the opposite response to the situation. These two world leaders met to talk about the situation in into Middle East. They are united in the fight against ISIS. On the subject of Syrian refugees however, they are divided. President Trump has closed the doors of the U.S. to refugees, but is willing to provide support to the refugees in Jordan. Jordan has played a key role in the campaign against Isis by participating in air attacks and and sharing information with the CIA.
Bashar Al Assahd very well may have used chemical weapons on his people. If so, it is highly illegal. It's a horrific thing to do to any living creature, let alone your own citizens. To let something like this go unpunished would be a crime of its own. The U.S. has responded with an air strike on the military base where the chemical weapon was used from. The U.S. has not taken in many Syrian refugees, but they have provided support to the refugees in other countries. The U.S. should be doing more to take pressure off the Middle East.