Subsistence farming was the main way the land was used. Since they are only producing enough food for their own use, they don’t sell enough to make any income off of it.
Hydroelectric power and Iron Ore are valuable minerals they have. They mine half of the world's gold.
Democratic Republic of Congo
Armed rebel groups take control of the mines, they force people to work in them, they bribe the government to stay out, and they sell the resources they buy better weapons. 5.4 million deaths have happened because the armed rebel groups control the mines.
GDP Per Capita
The 5 nations with the highest GDP per capita is Mauritius with $12,800, South Africa with $11,100, Botswana with $6,200, Seychelles with $7,800, and Namibia with $7,300. 16 nations have a GDP per capita below $1,000.More natural Resources, trade more, better education, better technology, highly skilled workforce, better transportation, and better healthcare.
28 of the countries in the Sub-Saharan Africa have a low life expectancy. HIV and AIDS are a big reason for there low life expectancy. 69% of people in the Sub-Sahara Africa have HIV/AIDS.
Powerful Trading Empires
The three West African kingdoms are Ghana (800-1054 CE), Mali (1200- 1400 CE), and Song Hai (135-1600 CE). The three kingdoms participated in the Trans-Saharan trade network. The North Africans traded salt and the West Africans traded gold.
Slaves on the Trans-Saharan Network
The North African Muslims tribes traded for African slaves because Muslims can’t enslave other Muslims. Often times slaves were prisoners of war, so many served in the military.Muslim slaves were treated better, they had the ability to own property and their own slaves. Some where made generals of armies and for Muslim slaves it was much easier to obtain their freedom.
King Mansa Musa and Timbuktu
Mansa Musa was the king of Mali. He is estimated to be 400 billion dollars He traveled for 30 years on his hajj journey he brought back Muslim scholars and architects to build cities. Islamic learning and trade.
Ibn Battuta: Explorer
Ibn Battuta was 21 when he began his travels, he left/ set out from Tangier. Ibn Battuta traveled a total of 75,000 miles in 30 years. When his travels were over he wrote about his travels in a book called Rihla.